Will the U.S. Finally End the Death Penalty?

In the past, abolition efforts have faced a backlash—but Gavin Newsom’s moratorium may be different.
The American death penalty is extraordinarily fragile, with death sentences and executions on the decline. Public support for the death penalty has diminished. The practice is increasingly marginalized around the world. California, with its disproportionately large share of American death-row inmates, announces an end to the death penalty. The year? 1972. That’s when the California Supreme Court declared the death penalty inconsistent with the state’s constitutional prohibition of cruel or unusual punishments—only to have the death penalty restored a year later through popular initiative and legislation.
On Wednesday, again, California walked back its commitment to the death penalty. Though not full-fledged abolition, Governor Gavin Newsom declared a moratorium on capital punishment lasting as long as his tenure in office, insisting that the California death penalty has been an “abject…

Brunei to pass law that will punish gay sex with death by stoning

‘In darkness, there’s still hope’ | Photo courtesy of Khairul
Sharia Penal Code to be passed in the next two weeks

Brunei will pass its Sharia Penal Code (SPC) by 3 April, Gay Star News has learned.

The controversial penal code includes death by stoning for people convicted of sodomy, among other numerous brutal sentences.

Other Sharia punishments include the amputation of limbs for those found guilty of theft. Anyone found guilty of apostasy will be handed a death sentence.

‘I am extremely concerned by this move. Some of the laws that we are about to see implemented are horrendous and unjustifiable,’ Matthew Woolfe, founder and director of The Brunei Project, tells Gay Star News.

The Brunei Project is one of few civil society groups focused on advocating for LGBTI rights in Brunei.

‘While homosexual acts were already criminalized in Brunei under laws that were inherited from British colonial rule, we are going to see this taken to a new level.

‘Whippings and stoning to death [will be] added to the punishments potentially facing LGBT+ in Brunei if they are found guilty of engaging in same-sex relations.’

The Brunei Project has pledged to raise international awareness of the Sharia laws prior to their implementation in early April.

‘It all seems to be very hush-hush’

The Bruneian Attorney General’s Chambers website officially posted plans to fast-track implementation of the SPC on 29 December 2018.

However there were no public announcements regarding the implementation of the law. The news was also not picked up by local media.

‘It all seems to be very hush-hush,’ says Woolfe.

‘I suspect the Brunei Government is trying to fly under the radar with the final implementation.’

The Sultan of Brunei, the country’s absolute ruler, first announced plans to introduce the SPC in three stages in 2014.

However, the announcement was met with significant public outcry. A number of celebrities and public figures such as Ellen DeGeneres, Stephen Fry, and Virgin CEO Richard Branson boycotted Brunei-connected businesses. 

Brunei has signed up to the UN Convention against Torture

While the first stage has been implemented, the latter two experienced significant holdups.

‘Implementation of the first phase was met with such an uproar internationally that I think Brunei wanted to delay further implementation until everyone had pretty much forgotten about these laws,’ Woolfe explains.

Outrage over Brunei’s Sharia Penal Code has died down significantly over recent years. The country has since returned to relative international obscurity, rarely featuring in the international press.

Woolfe believes with enough international attention, there is a good chance Brunei could be forced to stop the law.

He also maintains that by implementing the laws, the Bruneian government would be in violation of the UN Convention Against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment. The country signed up to the UN convention in 2015 though is yet to ratify.

‘Implementing these laws is really going to tarnish the image of Brunei as a peaceful and harmonious society and also as a country that can be trusted to stand by the commitments it makes to upholding international law,’ he adds.

Culture of fear in Brunei’s LGBTI community 

If the stoning law is implemented, the burden of proof for conviction will be high.

The plaintiff must willingly confess. Alternatively, at least four people must testify to having seen the individual commit a homosexual sex.

However, the prospect of anti-LGBTI laws has pushed many of the LGBTI community further into hiding and stoked anti-LGBTI sentiment among the population of the majority-Mulsim country.

In October last year, Gay Star News interviewed a young gay Bruneian man who spoke of his concerns about the law.

Khairul (not his real name) said that anti-LGBTI sentiment is rife in the tiny Southeast Asian nation. Many LGBTI people remain closeted out of fear of persecution.

‘I feel like it’s going backward and getting to a worse situation,’ Khairul said in the interview.

‘In all honesty, I feel like I can’t do much. I feel like I can’t even help my community by protecting them. If someone was out openly and they get attacked I’d feel like I’d need to protect them, but I’m scared that I can’t.’

Source: gaystarnews.com, Calum Stuart, March 24, 2019

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"One is absolutely sickened, not by the crimes that the wicked have committed,
but by the punishments that the good have inflicted." -- Oscar Wilde

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