U.S. | Execution by nitrogen hypoxia doesn’t seem headed for widespread adoption as bills fall short and nitrogen producers object

The day after Alabama carried out the first-known US execution using nitrogen gas, its attorney general sent a clear message to death penalty states that might want to follow suit: “Alabama has done it, and now so can you.” Indeed, in the weeks immediately following the January execution of Kenneth Smith, it appeared a handful of states were listening, introducing bills that would adopt the method known as nitrogen hypoxia or a similar one. Officials behind each framed the legislation as an alternative method that could help resume executions where they had long been stalled.

Recommended films & documentaries - Page 1

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➤ Thou Shalt Not Kill (A Short Film about Killing)

Screenshot from Thou Shalt Not Kill
1988. Poland. Director: Krzysztof Kieslowski. Writers: Krzysztof Kieslowski, Krzysztof Piesiewicz. Cast: Miroslaw Baka, Krzysztof Globisz, Jan Tesarz. Running time: 1h24


"A Short Film about Killing" (aka "Thou Shalt Not Kill". Polish title: "Krótki film o miłości") is a 1988 movie directed by Krzysztof Kieślowski, which serves as a fundamental exploration of crime and punishment, with a particular emphasis on the death penalty. 

"A Short Film about Killing" is one of the ten films that make up Krzysztof Kieślowski's renowned "Dekalog" series, each exploring ethical and moral dilemmas.

The film tells the story of two men, Jacek and Piotr. Jacek commits a brutal and random murder of a taxi driver, leading to his arrest and subsequent trial. Piotr, a young and inexperienced lawyer, is assigned to defend Jacek. Jacek is sentenced to death for his heinous crime.

This intense and harrowing film delves deep into the moral and ethical complexities surrounding the act of killing and the justice system, raising profound questions about the use of the death penalty as a form of punishment.

The film's unflinching portrayal of violence and its exploration of the consequences of taking a life sparked discussions about capital punishment and the moral implications of the death penalty. 

While it was a highly disturbing film, it was praised for its deep and lasting impact on the audience. 

"A Short Film about Killing" stands as a significant work in Krzysztof Kieślowski's filmography and in the broader context of international cinema, serving as a powerful examination of several important moral themes.

[Probably the most intellectually challenging, thought-provoking, but also the most haunting film I have ever seen about capital punishment. - DPN Editor]

➤ Rectify

Screenshot from Rectify
2013-2016. USA. American television series. Creator: Ray McKinnon. Cast: Aden Young, Abigail Spencer, J. Smith-Cameron. 4 seasons.


"Rectify" is an American television series that originally aired from 2013 to 2016. The show revolves around the life of Daniel Holden, who spent 19 years on death row for a crime he may not have committed. 

After new DNA evidence emerges, Daniel is released, but he must navigate the challenges of re-entering a world that has moved on without him. 

Even with concrete DNA evidence clearing his name, law enforcement remains resolute in their belief that Daniel is the true culprit. The reluctance of the police to accept Daniel's innocence underscores the complexities of post-conviction cases, where exoneration doesn't always lead to complete vindication in the eyes of the authorities.

The series delves into themes of justice, redemption, and the impact on the human psyche of long-term incarceration, solitary confinement, and the daily prospect of execution. It combines a character-driven narrative with a deep exploration of the criminal justice system.


"Rectify" received critical acclaim for its unique and thought-provoking approach to its subject matter. Critics praised the show's slow, deliberate pacing, which allowed for in-depth character development and emotional exploration. 

The series was lauded for its powerful performances, particularly Aden Young's portrayal of Daniel Holden, and its ability to tackle complex moral and psychological themes surrounding crime, punishment, and forgiveness.

The show resonated with audiences and initiated discussions on the flaws in the criminal justice system and the human capacity for change and forgiveness. 

"Rectify" is often regarded as one of the most compelling and emotionally resonant series of its time, offering a poignant examination of the effects of incarceration and the search for truth and redemption.

➤ Dead Man Walking

Screenshot from Dead Man Walking
1995. USA. Director: Tim Robbins. Writers: Helen Prejean (book) (as Sister Helen Prejean C.S.J.), Tim Robbins. Cast: Susan Sarandon, Sean Penn, Robert Prosky. Running time: 2h20


"Dead Man Walking" is a 1995 American film directed by Tim Robbins, based on the non-fiction book of the same name by Sister Helen Prejean. The story revolves around Sister Helen Prejean (played by Susan Sarandon), who becomes a spiritual advisor to Matthew Poncelet (played by Sean Penn), a convicted murderer on death row. As she delves into her role, Sister Helen forms a deep connection with Matthew and works tirelessly to uncover the truth about his case. 

The film explores themes of redemption, forgiveness, and the moral complexities surrounding the death penalty. It presents a powerful and emotionally charged narrative that challenges viewers to confront their beliefs about justice, empathy, and the value of human life.


"Dead Man Walking" received widespread critical acclaim upon its release. The film was praised for its thought-provoking exploration of the death penalty and its impact on individuals, families, and society as a whole. 

Susan Sarandon's performance as Sister Helen earned her an Academy Award for Best Actress, while Sean Penn's portrayal of Matthew Poncelet was equally celebrated. The film was recognized for its courage in addressing a divisive and sensitive subject, leading to discussions about the criminal justice system and the ethical dilemmas associated with capital punishment. "Dead Man Walking" became a significant and enduring work in the cinematic portrayal of the death penalty, with both its critical success and its ability to provoke dialogue and reflection on a deeply controversial issue.

Sister Helen Prejean

Sister Helen Prejean is a prominent American Roman Catholic nun, author, and social justice advocate known for her work against the death penalty. She was born on April 21, 1939, in Baton Rouge, Louisiana. Sister Helen joined the Sisters of St. Joseph of Medaille in 1957 and professed her religious vows in 1962. She later earned a bachelor's degree in English and a master's degree in religious education.

Sister Helen's life took a significant turn when she became a pen-pal to death row inmate Patrick Sonnier in the late 1980s. This experience led her to confront the moral and ethical implications of capital punishment, eventually resulting in her acclaimed book "Dead Man Walking: An Eyewitness Account of the Death Penalty in the United States," published in 1993. The book not only became a bestseller but also served as the basis for the well-known 1995 film adaptation directed by Tim Robbins.

Her advocacy against the death penalty has made her a prominent voice in the movement to end capital punishment in the United States. Sister Helen Prejean continues to work tirelessly to promote social justice and advocate for the rights of those on death row, while also addressing the moral complexities surrounding the criminal justice system. Her work has garnered international recognition and numerous awards for her dedication to ending the death penalty and advocating for a more compassionate and just society.

Below is a list of some of Sister Helen Prejean's published books:

— "Dead Man Walking: An Eyewitness Account of the Death Penalty in the United States" (1993) - This is her most well-known and influential work, offering a personal account of her experiences with death row inmates and her opposition to the death penalty.

— "The Death of Innocents: An Eyewitness Account of Wrongful Executions" (2004) - In this book, Sister Helen delves into the tragic stories of innocent individuals who were executed, highlighting the flaws and injustices within the criminal justice system.

— "River of Fire: My Spiritual Journey" (2019) - Sister Helen reflects on her spiritual journey and her transformation into a passionate advocate for social justice, including her work against the death penalty.

➤ Apprentice

Screenshot from Apprentice
2016. Singapore. Director: Junfeng Boo. Writers: Junfeng Boo (story), Junfeng Boo, Raymond Phathanavirangoon (Story). Cast: Firdaus Rahman, Wan Hanafi Su, Mastura Ahmad. Running time: 1h55


"Apprentice" is a 2016 Singaporean drama film directed by Junfeng Boo. The story centers around Aiman, a young correctional officer working in a high-security prison. His life takes a challenging turn when he is assigned to be the apprentice of Rahim, the chief executioner responsible for carrying out death sentences. 

As Aiman becomes increasingly involved in the execution process and forms a complex bond with Rahim, he is forced to confront his own beliefs and the moral dilemmas associated with capital punishment. The film provides a gripping and emotionally charged exploration of the ethics, personal conflicts, and the emotional toll that the death penalty takes on those involved in its execution.


"Apprentice" received critical acclaim and garnered attention on the international film festival circuit. The film was applauded for its powerful and thought-provoking examination of the death penalty and the individuals tasked with implementing it. 

Director Junfeng Boo's sensitive handling of the subject matter and the compelling performances of the cast, particularly Firdaus Rahman as Aiman, were highly praised.

"Apprentice" received notable, yet mixed attention in Singapore, which has a strict stance on the death penalty, to say the least. Director Junfeng Boo's efforts in addressing such a sensitive subject within Singaporean society were internationally recognized and appreciated. The film's ability to provoke reflection on the ethics of capital punishment had a very special resonance with those who struggle to secure the abolishment of capital punishment in the region, and notably in Singapore, the state-city once defined by a journalist as "Disneyland with the Death Penalty.".

➤ Sophie Scholl: The Final Days

Screenshot from "Sophie Scholl, the final days"
2005. Germany. Director: Marc Rothemund. Writer: Fred Breinersdorfer. Cast: Julia Jentsch, Fabian Hinrichs, Alexander Held. Running time: 2h00


"Sophie Scholl: The Final Days" is a 2005 German historical drama film directed by Marc Rothemund. The movie is a poignant and harrowing portrayal of the final days of Sophie Scholl, a real-life heroine of the German resistance during World War II. 

The film focuses on the last six days in the life of Sophie Scholl (played by Julia Jentsch), a student and member of the White Rose, a non-violent resistance group in Nazi Germany. Alongside her brother Hans and a few fellow students, Sophie distributed anti-Nazi leaflets to raise awareness about the crimes of the Third Reich. 

The story intensifies as Sophie, Hans, and Christoph Probst are arrested by the Gestapo and subsequently put on trial for high treason. The film masterfully captures the courage, conviction, and unwavering commitment to truth and justice that Sophie and her companions displayed, even in the face of imminent danger.


"Sophie Scholl: The Final Days" was widely praised for its gripping and accurate portrayal of the true story of Sophie Scholl and the White Rose resistance. The film's authenticity, adherence to historical accuracy, and its use of actual Gestapo transcripts from Sophie Scholl's interrogation lent it an unparalleled level of credibility. 

Audiences and critics lauded Julia Jentsch's remarkable performance, which earned her several awards, including a Silver Bear for Best Actress at the Berlin International Film Festival.

The film's powerful depiction of the White Rose's bravery and the tragic outcome of their resistance struck a chord with viewers, emphasizing the importance of moral courage in the face of oppressive regimes. "Sophie Scholl: The Final Days" continues to be hailed for its poignant portrayal of a true story, serving as a lasting tribute to the heroic actions of those who stood up against the atrocities of the Nazi regime.

Nazi Justice & Death Penalty:

"Sophie Scholl: The Final Days" serves not only as a gripping portrayal of a true story but also as a powerful denunciation of the death penalty and the twisted concept of justice under Nazi rule. The film depicts the ruthlessness of the Nazi regime's legal system, where dissent and humanitarian values were suppressed in the name of obedience and loyalty. 

Sophie Scholl and her companions' courageous actions stand as a testament to the indomitable spirit of those who dared to challenge the oppressive Nazi regime, even in the face of impending execution. 

The film underscores the moral bankruptcy of the death penalty as a tool of intimidation and control, illustrating the unwavering conviction of those who refuse to compromise their principles for the sake of authority. In doing so, "Sophie Scholl: The Final Days" not only honors the memory of the White Rose resistance but also stands as a fervent condemnation of the brutality and inhumanity of Nazi justice.

➤ Casque d'Or

Screenshot from Casque d'Or
1952. France. Director: Jacques Becker. Writers: Jacques Becker (scenario), Jacques Companéez (scenario). Cast: Simone Signoret, Serge Reggiani, Claude Dauphin. Running time: 1h34


"Casque d'Or" is a classic French film directed by Jacques Becker in 1952. Set in the gritty and romanticized world of early 20th-century Paris, the story follows the fateful love affair between Marie (played by Simone Signoret), a beautiful and charismatic woman with a reputation, and Manda (played by Serge Reggiani), a carpenter who wants to distance himself from his criminal past. 

Their passionate and ill-fated romance becomes the central focus as they navigate the dangerous and complex dynamics of the criminal underworld and the strict social norms of the time. With remarkable character development, stunning cinematography, and a gripping narrative, "Casque d'Or" is a compelling and tragic love story that weaves together elements of crime, passion, and fate in the atmospheric backdrop of early 20th-century Paris.


"Casque d'Or" has earned a well-deserved place as a classic of French cinema. 

Director Jacques Becker's meticulous attention to detail and his ability to create a vivid and authentic portrayal of the period received critical acclaim. 

The film's performances, especially by Simone Signoret and Serge Reggiani, were widely praised for their depth and emotional resonance, bringing the characters to life in a compelling way. "Casque d'Or" is celebrated for its ability to explore complex themes, such as love, loyalty, and the consequences of a life of crime, within the context of a richly textured, bygone era. 

The film's reception both in France and internationally highlights its enduring appeal, making it a cherished part of French cinematic history and a must-see for lovers of classic cinema.

➤ Into the Abyss

Screenshot from Into The Abyss
2011. USA. Documentary. Director: Werner Herzog. With Werner Herzog, Richard Lopez, Michael Perry. Running time: 1h47 min.


"Into the Abyss," a compelling documentary directed by the legendary filmmaker Werner Herzog in 2011, delves into the complex and emotionally charged world of capital punishment in the United States. 

The film focuses on a triple homicide case in Conroe, Texas, where Michael Perry and Jason Burkett were convicted of the brutal murders. 

Herzog masterfully crafts a narrative that goes beyond a mere exploration of the crime itself, instead offering a profound examination of the individuals affected by the tragedy, from the victims' families to the condemned inmates and the prison staff. 

Through his distinctive and empathetic approach, Herzog conducts candid interviews with the subjects, delving into their lives, regrets, and aspirations, providing a deeply human perspective on the death penalty. 

"Into the Abyss" is a poignant and thought-provoking exploration of life, death, and the enduring moral questions surrounding capital punishment, making it a documentary that lingers in the viewer's mind long after the credits roll.

➤ The Life of David Gale

Screenshot from The Life of David Gale
2003. USA. Director: Alan Parker. Writer: Charles Randolph. Cast: Kevin Spacey, Kate Winslet, Laura Linney. Running time: 2h10 min.


"The Life of David Gale" is a 2003 thriller directed by Alan Parker. The film tells the story of David Gale (played by Kevin Spacey), a former professor and staunch anti-death penalty activist who finds himself on death row in Texas, convicted of the brutal rape and murder of a colleague. 

As he awaits his upcoming execution, Gale agrees to an interview with Bitsey Bloom (played by Kate Winslet), a journalist determined to uncover the truth behind his case. 

The narrative unfolds through a series of flashbacks and revelations as Bitsey delves into the events leading up to Gale's incarceration. 

With suspense and moral ambiguity at its core, the film raises questions about the criminal justice system, capital punishment, and the lengths [spoiler alert!] to which individuals will go to prove that innocents are convicted and eventually executed by a blind justice system.


"The Life of David Gale" generated significant discussion and polarized opinions upon its release. The film was praised for its thought-provoking exploration of the death penalty, capital punishment, [spoiler alert!] and wrongful convictions. 

Kevin Spacey's performance as the enigmatic and complex David Gale was noted as a standout in his career. The film's controversial subject matter and [spoiler alert!] the quite unexpected ending challenged viewers to consider their own personal stance on the death penalty.

Parker's film's unflinching examination of a contentious social issue and its compelling performances make it a major contribution to the conversation surrounding the death penalty in the United States.

➤ Deux hommes dans la ville (Two Men in Town)

Deux hommes dans la ville
1973. France. Director: José Giovanni. Writers: José Giovanni (original story), José Giovanni (dialogue). Cast: Alain Delon, Jean Gabin, Mimsy Farmer. Running Time: 1h40min.


"Deux hommes dans la ville" (Two Men in Town) is a 1973 French film directed by José Giovanni. The story revolves around Gino Strabliggi (played by Alain Delon), a former gangster who is released from prison after serving time for a robbery that ended in a murder. 

Determined to start anew, Gino struggles to reintegrate into society, but he faces the skepticism and petty persecution of the local law enforcement. 

Gino's probation officer Germain Cazeneuve (played by Jean Gabin) is a compassionate and wise officer who believes in Gino's rehabilitation and works to help him find employment and lead a crime-free life. However, Gino's past, the watchful — at times paranoid — eye of the law, and the influence of his former criminal associates present formidable challenges to his pursuit of a fresh start. 

An unexpected twist of fate will ultimately return Gino to prison, placing him on death row and facing the guillotine.


"Deux hommes dans la ville" received critical acclaim upon its release and remains a significant piece of French cinema. The film is celebrated for its compelling narrative, which delves into the themes of redemption, capital punishment, and the struggle to break free from a life of crime. 

Alain Delon's performance as Gino and Jean Gabin's portrayal of the compassionate police officer Cazeneuve were widely praised for their depth and authenticity. 

The film is a thought-provoking examination of the criminal justice system and the possibilities of rehabilitation, making it a powerful statement against the cycle of crime and punishment. 

"Deux hommes dans la ville" is remembered not only for its strong character development but also for its enduring relevance in addressing the challenges and prospects of reintegrating ex-convicts into society. Finally, the film is a powerful denunciation of capital punishment. José Giovanni's direction and the film's ethical core have secured its place in the pantheon of classic French cinema.

➤ Fourteen Days in May

Fourteen Days in May
1988. USA. Documentary. Director: Paul Hamann. Writers: Paul Hamann, Harold Manning (French adaptation). With: Clive Stafford Smith, Edward Earl Johnson. Running time: 2h20 min.


"Fourteen Days in May" is a powerful and emotionally charged documentary film released in 1988 and directed by Paul Hamann. This documentary is a profound exploration of the American criminal justice system, focusing on the harrowing experience of Edward Earl Johnson, a young African American man who was sentenced to death in Mississippi for the murder of a police officer.

The film unfolds as a real-time chronicle of the final two weeks leading up to Johnson's execution in the gas chamber. It provides a comprehensive and unflinching look at the legal and emotional battles that surrounded his case, highlighting the life-or-death decisions made by both the legal system and those fighting to prevent his execution.

Through a combination of interviews, courtroom footage, and in-depth examinations of the legal proceedings, "Fourteen Days in May" captures the relentless efforts of Johnson's legal team and dedicated advocates working to prove his innocence. The documentary paints a stark picture of the challenges faced by death row inmates in their quest for justice and the intense emotional toll that the impending execution places on Johnson, his family, and his defense team.

As the days count down to the scheduled execution, the film becomes an emotional rollercoaster, gripping the audience with its portrayal of the human drama that unfolds both inside and outside the prison walls. Viewers witness the mounting tension, the last-minute legal maneuvers, and the emotional turmoil experienced by those involved in Johnson's case. The documentary invites a profound reflection on the flaws and complexities of the American legal system, the ethical implications of the death penalty, and the human capacity for resilience and compassion in the face of overwhelming odds.

"Fourteen Days in May" is an important documentary that not only serves as a searing indictment of the death penalty but also as a testament to the enduring spirit of individuals who refuse to give up on the fight for justice, even in the darkest of circumstances. The film remains a thought-provoking and emotionally resonant work, offering a haunting and unforgettable glimpse into the world of capital punishment and the profound impact it has on the lives of those involved.

Ronald Ryan - The Last Man Hanged in Australia

Ronald Ryan (center)
1992. Australia. Documentary. Director: Lewis Fitz-Gerald. Writer: Lewis Fitz-Gerald. With: Colin Friels, Lewis Fitz-Gerald, Angie Milliken. Running time: 1h00.


"Ronald Ryan: The Last Man Hanged in Australia" is a compelling documentary that delves into a significant chapter in Australian history. Directed by Lewis Fitz-Gerald, the film chronicles the life and final days of Ronald Ryan, the last person to be executed in Australia. 

In 1967, Ryan was convicted of the shooting death of a prison warder during an escape from Pentridge Prison. The documentary utilizes a combination of interviews, archival footage, and dramatic reenactments to provide a detailed account of the events leading up to Ryan's execution, as well as the legal and moral debates that surrounded it. 

Through a blend of powerful storytelling and historical documentation, the film examines the circumstances and controversies of the case, casting a critical light on the use of capital punishment in Australia and the lasting impact of Ryan's execution on the nation's legal system and collective consciousness.


"Ronald Ryan: The Last Man Hanged in Australia" was well-received for its meticulous and thought-provoking exploration of a crucial moment in Australian history. 

The documentary's use of historical records, interviews with key figures, and dramatic reenactments brought the events surrounding Ronald Ryan's execution to life with authenticity and depth. It received praise for its balanced and sensitive treatment of the controversial subject matter, offering viewers a chance to understand the moral and legal complexities of the case. 

The film also sparked renewed discussions on the death penalty in Australia and its implications, contributing to the ongoing dialogue about capital punishment and its place in a modern society. "Ronald Ryan: The Last Man Hanged in Australia" is a significant work that serves as both a historical document and a thought-provoking examination of the consequences of capital punishment.

➤ At the Death House Door

At the Death House Door
2008. USA. Documentary. Directors: Peter Gilbert, Steve James. With: Carroll Pickett, Steve Mills, Maurice Possley. Running time: 1h38 min.

Synopsis: "At the Death House Door" is a compelling and emotionally charged documentary film released in 2008, directed by the accomplished filmmaking duo of Peter Gilbert and Steve James. 

The documentary is primarily focused on the life and work of a remarkable individual, Reverend Carroll Pickett. Pickett served as the chaplain to the death row at the Huntsville Unit in Texas, where he ministered to and provided spiritual guidance for inmates awaiting execution for nearly two decades.

The film unfolds as a deeply personal and thought-provoking journey, offering a multifaceted exploration of the American criminal justice system and its reliance on the death penalty. It delves into the ethical and moral dilemmas faced by both the inmates on death row and Reverend Pickett himself. 

The documentary combines intimate interviews with Reverend Pickett, who shares his own evolving perspectives on capital punishment, with the stories of several death row inmates whose lives he touched, including the controversial execution of Carlos DeLuna.

Reverend Pickett's transformative journey from a staunch supporter of the death penalty to an advocate against it is at the heart of the film. 

"At the Death House Door" provides viewers with a unique and emotionally charged perspective on the impact of capital punishment, not only on the lives of the condemned but also on those who are tasked with carrying out the executions. 

The documentary underscores the complexities and ethical challenges of the death penalty while inviting viewers to reflect on the broader issues of justice, compassion, and the human cost of capital punishment in the United States. 

This thought-provoking film offers an intimate and often heart-wrenching glimpse into the lives of those directly affected by the death penalty and raises profound questions about the nature of justice and the role of individuals like Reverend Carroll Pickett in the process.

➤ Return to Paradise

Return to paradise Poster
1998. USA. Directed by Joseph Ruben, written by Wesley Strick and Bruce Robinson, and starring Vince Vaughn, Anne Heche, and Joaquin Phoenix. Return to Paradise is a remake of the 1989 French film Force majeure by Pierre Jolivet. Running time: 1h51 min.


"Return to Paradise," directed by Joseph Ruben, is a thought-provoking and suspenseful drama released in 1998. The story follows the lives of three friends: Lewis McBride (played by Joaquin Phoenix), Sheriff (played by Vince Vaughn), and Tony (played by David Conrad). 

The friends enjoy a carefree, cannabis-fueled vacation in Malaysia, but their lives take a harrowing turn when Sheriff and Tony decide to return to the U.S., leaving Lewis behind in their Malaysian paradise.

Shortly after, Lewis is arrested and convicted of drug trafficking when the house once occupied by the three friends is searched and a large amount of cannabis is found by the police, as both Sheriff and Tony had given their leftover drugs to Lewis as a farewell present. Charged not as a drug user but as a trafficker, Lewis subsequently receives a mandatory death sentence for drug trafficking.

In "Return to Paradise," one of the film's most poignant and emotionally charged scenes occurs when Lewis' attorney, Beth Eastern (played by Anne Heche), journeys to New York City to meet with Sheriff and Tony. She arrives with a life-altering message, one that carries immense weight and moral complexity. Beth's mission is to inform Sheriff and Tony about a plea bargain offered by Malaysian authorities. If they return to Malaysia to serve three years behind bars, their close friend Lewis will be spared from the looming death penalty.

As Sheriff and Tony grapple with the decision to return to Malaysia and serve a 3-year prison sentence to save their friend, they confront the harsh reality of their of their surreal situation. Beth's visit becomes a turning point in the narrative, driving home the film's central themes of friendship, responsibility, and the cost of making life-altering choices. The scene encapsulates the core dilemma and moral tension that "Return to Paradise" skillfully navigates. Every viewer, at some stage, will ask himself the same question: "Would I go?"


"Return to Paradise" received critical acclaim for its gripping narrative and the compelling performances of the lead actors. Joaquin Phoenix, Vince Vaughn, and David Conrad all garnered praise for their portrayal of three friends entangled in a life-or-death situation. 

Director Joseph Ruben's skillful storytelling and the film's ability to maintain tension throughout the narrative were particularly noteworthy. "Return to Paradise" serves as a powerful and thought-provoking examination of the intricacies of human relationships, the consequences of actions, and the moral implications of the death penalty, making it a compelling and enduring work in the realm of suspenseful dramas.

➤ Sacco and Vanzetti

Sacco and Vanzetti, film poster
1971. Italy. Directed by Giuliano Montaldo. Written by Vicente Aranda, Fabrizio Onofri, Giuliano Montaldo, Mino Roli, Ottavio Jemma. Cast: Gian Maria Volontè, Riccardo Cucciolla, Cyril Cusack, Rosanna Fratello, Geoffrey Keen, Milo O'Shea. Music by Ennio Morricone. Song lyrics by American folk singer Joan Baez. Running time: 121 min.


"Sacco and Vanzetti," directed by Giuliano Montaldo in 1971, is an Italian drama film that tells the compelling and controversial story of Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti. 

The film is a historical drama that explores the lives and trial of these two Italian immigrants who were accused of robbery and murder in Massachusetts in the 1920s. While Sacco and Vanzetti maintained their innocence, their trial became a symbol of social and political injustice. 

The film depicts their journey from their arrest, trial, and subsequent appeals to the final outcome of their case. It delves into the broader context of social and political tensions, as their arrest and conviction were seen by many as driven by anti-immigrant sentiment, labor unrest, and perceived anarchist ties. "Sacco and Vanzetti" is a powerful examination of the complex issues of justice, prejudice, capital punishment, and the enduring legacy of the case.


"Sacco and Vanzetti" received critical acclaim for its compelling portrayal of the infamous case and the social and political turmoil surrounding it. The film is lauded for its meticulous attention to historical accuracy, including the recreation of the 1920s setting. 

Gian Maria Volonté and Riccardo Cucciolla delivered remarkable performances as Sacco and Vanzetti, respectively, capturing the humanity and struggles of these accused men. 

The film was commended for its exploration of the broader implications of their trial, such as the influence of xenophobia and political ideologies. It sparked debates about the justice system and the impact of prejudice and injustice. "Sacco and Vanzetti" remains a significant cinematic work, shedding light on a historical miscarriage of justice and its resonance with contemporary issues related to civil liberties and the treatment of immigrants.

➤ King and Country

King and Country
1964. UK. Directed by Joseph Losey. Produced by Joseph Losey, Norman Priggen. Written by Evan Jones (screenplay) based on the play Hamp (1964) by John Wilson and the novel Return to the Wood (1955) by James Lansdale Hodson. Cast: Dirk Bogarde, Tom Courtenay, Leo McKern, Barry Foster. Running time: 88 min.


"King and Country," directed by Joseph Losey in 1964, is a powerful British war drama set during World War I. The film tells the harrowing story of Private Hamp, portrayed by Tom Courtenay, a young soldier on the front lines. Hamp is accused of desertion and faces a court-martial for abandoning his post. 

Captain Hargreaves, played by Dirk Bogarde, is assigned to defend Hamp during the trial. As the trial unfolds, it becomes a searing examination of the psychological toll of warfare, the dehumanizing effects of combat, and the moral dilemmas faced by soldiers in the midst of the conflict. The film raises profound questions about the human cost of war, the responsibilities of military leaders toward their troops, and the use of the death penalty as tool of oppression against their own soldiers.


"King and Country" received critical acclaim for its intense and poignant portrayal of the psychological and emotional impact of war. The performances by Tom Courtenay and Dirk Bogarde were highly praised for their depth and authenticity. 

The film was noted for its anti-war sentiment and its stark depiction of the horrors faced by soldiers in the trenches of World War I. It raised questions about the morality and ethics of sending young men to war and explored the strains of leadership and duty. 

"King and Country" was considered a significant work in British cinema, highlighting the emotional scars of war and the human suffering that often goes overlooked in the larger narrative of conflict. It remains a thought-provoking and emotionally resonant war film that continues to be studied and celebrated for its powerful anti-war, anti-death penalty message.

➤ Capote

2005. USA. Directed by Bennett Miller. Produced by Caroline Baron, William Vince, Michael Ohoven. Screenplay by Dan Futterman. Based on Capote by Gerald Clarke. Cast: Philip Seymour Hoffman, Catherine Keener, Clifton Collins Jr., Bruce Greenwood, Mark Pellegrino, Amy Ryan, Chris Cooper. Running time: 114 min.


"Capote" is a 2005 biographical drama film directed by Bennett Miller. The movie focuses on the life of the celebrated American writer Truman Capote, portrayed by Philip Seymour Hoffman. The film delves into the period when Capote was researching and writing his groundbreaking true crime novel, "In Cold Blood." 

"Capote" is centered around Truman Capote's research and writing of his non-fiction novel "In Cold Blood," which was based on the real-life murder case of the Clutter family. The Clutter family consisted of Herbert and Bonnie Clutter and their two teenage children, Nancy and Kenyon. In 1959, they lived on a farm in Holcomb, Kansas.

The brutal and senseless murder of the Clutter family was the catalyst for Truman Capote's interest in the case. Richard "Dick" Hickock and Perry Smith, two ex-convicts, had heard a rumor that Mr. Clutter kept a large amount of cash in his home. In November 1959, Hickock and Smith broke into the Clutter family's home with the intent of robbing them. When they didn't find the expected fortune, they brutally murdered all four members of the family. The crime shocked the small town and became a national sensation.

Truman Capote, along with his friend and fellow author Harper Lee, traveled to Holcomb, Kansas, to research the case for an article. However, Capote became deeply involved in the story and the lives of the people in Holcomb. He conducted extensive interviews with the townspeople, law enforcement, and the two killers. His in-depth exploration of the case eventually led to the publication of "In Cold Blood," a groundbreaking work of literary journalism that blurred the lines between fact and fiction. Capote's novel provided a detailed and emotional account of the murder case, the lives of the Clutter family, and the psychology of the perpetrators.

The two killers, Richard "Dick" Hickock and Perry Smith, were captured, tried, and ultimately faced the consequences of their heinous crimes.

The film explores Capote's complex relationship with the two killers he interviewed, as well as the emotional toll this process took on him. 

The film is a character study of Capote's obsession with the case and the moral dilemmas he faced in pursuit of his literary success.


"Capote" received widespread critical acclaim, particularly for Philip Seymour Hoffman's stunning performance as Truman Capote. 

Hoffman won the Academy Award for Best Actor for his portrayal. 

The film was praised for its meticulous attention to detail, capturing the atmosphere of the 1950s and '60s, and its exploration of Capote's inner struggles. 

"Capote" is often cited as a compelling biographical drama that offers insight into the creative process and the personal sacrifices made in the pursuit of literary excellence.

➤ In Cold Blood

In Cold Blood
1967. USA.  Written, produced and directed by Richard Brooks, based on Truman Capote's book In Cold Blood. Cast: Robert Blake as Perry Smith, Scott Wilson as Richard "Dick" Hickock, and John Forsythe as Alvin Dewey. Music by Quincy Jones. Running times: 135 min.

SynopsisIn November 1959, Perry Smith (Robert Blake) and "Dick" Hickock (Scott Wilson) concoct a plan to invade the home of the Clutter family, as Mr. Clutter supposedly keeps a large supply of cash in a safe.

When the two criminals execute the robbery, they are unable to find a safe as Mr.Clutter uses checks. In order to leave no witnesses, they murder Mr. and Mrs. Clutter and their two teenage children. 

The bodies are discovered the next day, and a police investigation is immediately launched. 

As the investigation builds, the two wanted men continue to elude law enforcement by heading south and crossing into Mexico; but, after a while, they return to the U.S. and decide to travel to Las Vegas to win some money at gambling. There, they are arrested for violating parole, being in possession of a stolen car, and passing bad checks.

The police separately interrogate the two men about the Clutter murders. Both Smith and Hickock admit to passing bad checks, but they deny knowing anything about the murders. 

The police claim that a mistake made by the men is that they left a witness, but they are slowed by Smith's refusal to provide answers. Next, the police confront them with evidence, such as a bloody footprint matching the boots worn by one of the men. 

Finally, Hickock confesses and states that he does not want to be executed for the crime, claiming that Smith committed all of the murders... (Sources: Wikipedia, Imdb)

➤ Le Pull-Over Rouge (The Red Sweater)

Le Pull-Over Rouge
1979. France. Director: Michel Drach. Producer: Michel Drach. Story by: Gilles Perrault. Screenplay: Michel Drach, Gilles Perrault, Ariane Litaize. Cast: Serge Avedikian, Michelle Marquais, Claire Deluca. Running time: 80 min.


"Le Pull-Over Rouge," directed by Michel Drach in 1979, is a French drama based on a true story. The film revolves around a highly publicized event in France, the 1974 trial of Christian Ranucci, portrayed by Serge Avédikian. 

Ranucci is accused of the kidnapping and murder of a young girl, a crime that shocks the nation. The story unfolds through the eyes of the defense attorney, François Dubois, played by Charles Denner, who is determined to prove Ranucci's innocence. 

The film explores the legal proceedings, the emotional toll on those involved, and the controversial aspects of the case, including the use of the death penalty in France. 

"Le Pull-Over Rouge" is a gripping courtroom drama that raises questions about the criminal justice system, the presumption of innocence, and the morality of capital punishment.

The Christian Ranucci case is one of the most infamous criminal cases in French history, known for its significant impact on the debate surrounding the death penalty in the country. Here is a more detailed account of the case:

In June 1974, Christian Ranucci, a 22-year-old Frenchman, was arrested and accused of the abduction and murder of an 8-year-old girl named Marie-Dolorès Rambla. The case garnered widespread media attention and shocked the nation. Ranucci's trial took place in Aix-en-Provence in the same year, and it became a highly controversial and emotional proceeding.

One of the central issues in the case was the alleged confession made by Ranucci during police interrogation. He was reported to have confessed to the crime, and this confession played a crucial role in his conviction. However, during the trial, Ranucci recanted his confession, claiming that it had been coerced and that he was innocent.

Despite the controversy surrounding the confession, Christian Ranucci was found guilty of the murder, and he was subsequently sentenced to death. His case became a focal point in the broader debate over the death penalty in France. Public opinion was divided, with some advocating for the abolition of the death penalty, while others believed it was necessary in cases of heinous crimes.

Ranucci's execution took place on July 28, 1976. The case continued to be a subject of debate and scrutiny, with many questioning the fairness of the trial, the reliability of the confession, and the ethics of the death penalty. In 2008, more than three decades after his execution, new evidence came to light that raised doubts about Ranucci's guilt, further fueling the controversy surrounding the case.

On 10 September 1977, Hamida Djandoubi was guillotined and became the last person executed in France. France abolished the death penalty in 1981.


"Le Pull-Over Rouge" received critical acclaim for its powerful and thought-provoking examination of a real-life legal and moral dilemma. The performances, particularly that of Charles Denner as the defense attorney, were highly praised for their depth and emotional resonance. 

The film was celebrated for its sensitive portrayal of the complexities of the case and the legal process, as well as its exploration of the controversial use of the death penalty in France. 

"Le Pull-Over Rouge" sparked debates about justice, the presumption of innocence, and the impact of public opinion on legal proceedings. It remains a significant work in French cinema, remembered for its compelling storytelling and its engagement with ethical and legal issues that continue to be relevant today.

➤ Albert Pierrepoint: The Last Hangman

2005. UK. Director: Adrian Shergold. Writers: Bob Mills (screenplay), Jeff Pope (screenplay). Cast: Timothy Spall, Juliet Stevenson, Eddie Marsan.  Running time: 95 min.


"Albert Pierrepoint: The Last Hangman" is a 2005 British biographical drama directed by Adrian Shergold. 

The film is based on the life of Albert Pierrepoint, who was one of Britain's most prolific executioners in the mid-20th century. 

Pierrepoint, portrayed by Timothy Spall, was responsible for carrying out hundreds of hangings, including those of Nazi war criminals after World War II. 

The film delves into his life as an executioner, the moral dilemmas he faced, and the toll this grim profession took on his personal life. It explores the complexities of the death penalty and the impact of Pierrepoint's work on his own conscience.

Albert Pierrepoint led a life that was quite extraordinary, yet overshadowed by the grim profession he undertook. He hailed from a family of executioners; his father and uncle were both executioners. This family legacy would eventually lead him down a path few would willingly choose.

As a young man, Albert Pierrepoint became an apprentice to his uncle, Henry Pierrepoint, and learned the craft of execution. In 1932, he carried out his first execution, and this marked the beginning of a career that would see him conduct hundreds more. Pierrepoint was known for his efficiency and professionalism in the grim task of executing condemned individuals. He believed in providing a quick and humane death to those facing the gallows.

One of the most significant chapters in Pierrepoint's life occurred during and after World War II. He was responsible for hanging numerous Nazi war criminals, including high-ranking officials involved in the Holocaust. The weight of these executions weighed heavily on him, and he would later reflect on the moral implications of his actions.

Albert Pierrepoint's life was a paradox, as he maintained a seemingly ordinary life outside of his profession. He ran a pub with his wife, Anne, and was well-liked in his community. However, the executions he carried out raised profound questions about the death penalty and the toll it took on those who administered it.


"Albert Pierrepoint: The Last Hangman" received positive reviews for its compelling portrayal of a man who grappled with the ethical and emotional challenges of his job. 

Timothy Spall's performance as Pierrepoint was widely praised for its depth and nuance. 

The film offered a thought-provoking examination of capital punishment and the human cost of being an executioner. It shed light on a relatively obscure but historically significant figure and the moral ambiguity surrounding the death penalty. "Albert Pierrepoint: The Last Hangman" was lauded for its exploration of dark and challenging themes, making it a noteworthy entry in the biographical drama genre.

➤ Trial By Fire

2018. USA. Director: Edward Zwick. Writers: Geoffrey Fletcher (screenplay by), David Grann (based on The New Yorker article by). Cast: Jack O'Connell, Laura Dern, Emily Meade. Running time: 127 min.


"Trial By Fire," directed by Edward Zwick, is a 2018 American drama based on the true story of Cameron Todd Willingham, portrayed by Jack O'Connell. 

The film explores the life of Willingham, who was wrongfully convicted of arson and the murder of his three young daughters in Corsicana, Texas, in 1991.

The real-life case of Cameron Todd Willingham is a tragic and highly controversial one. In 1991, Willingham was accused of deliberately setting a fire that killed his three young daughters in Corsicana, Texas. He was subsequently convicted of arson and murder, receiving the death penalty. 

The case hinged on the testimony of fire investigators who claimed that the fire had been intentionally started. However, as years passed, doubts emerged regarding the scientific validity of the evidence used to convict Willingham. 

Many experts came to believe that the original investigation was deeply flawed and that there was no substantial evidence to support the arson theory. 

Despite numerous appeals and efforts to prove his innocence, Cameron Todd Willingham was executed in 2004. His case stands as a stark example of the potential injustices within the criminal justice system, especially in matters involving the death penalty. 

Elizabeth Gilbert, played by Laura Dern, is a sympathetic pen-pal who begins to correspond with Willingham while he is on death row. Gilbert becomes convinced of his innocence and embarks on a relentless quest for the truth, uncovering crucial evidence that could exonerate him. 

The movie delves into the complexities of the criminal justice system, the power of redemption, and the fight to prove one man's innocence in the face of the death penalty.


"Trial By Fire" received positive reviews for its powerful portrayal of a real-life miscarriage of justice. Jack O'Connell's performance as Cameron Todd Willingham was lauded for its emotional depth and authenticity. The film was praised for shedding light on the flaws and injustices within the American criminal justice system, particularly in cases involving the death penalty. It highlighted the impact of one woman's tireless efforts to seek justice and the consequences of rushing to judgment. 

"Trial By Fire" was both a harrowing and thought-provoking film that sparked discussions about the ethics of capital punishment and the importance of advocating for the wrongfully convicted.

David Grann's article "Trial by Fire" appeared in the New Yorker in 2009, with the subhead: "Did Texas execute an innocent man?" 

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