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In the crosshairs of conscience: John Kitzhaber's death penalty reckoning

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To cope with his dread, John Kitzhaber opened his leather-bound journal and began to write.
It was a little past 9 on the morning of Nov. 22, 2011. Gary Haugen had dropped his appeals. A Marion County judge had signed the murderer's death warrant, leaving Kitzhaber, a former emergency room doctor, to decide Haugen's fate. The 49-year-old would soon die by lethal injection if the governor didn't intervene.
Kitzhaber was exhausted, having been unable to sleep the night before, but he needed to call the families of Haugen's victims.
"I know my decision will delay the closure they need and deserve," he wrote.
The son of University of Oregon English professors, Kitzhaber began writing each day in his journal in the early 1970s. The practice helped him organize his thoughts and, on that particular morning, gather his courage.
Kitzhaber first dialed the widow of David Polin, an inmate Haugen beat and stabbed to death in 2003 while already serving a life sentence fo…

Arizona Faces Drug-Expiration Deadline for Executions

Arizona's supply of a crucial lethal injection drug is set to expire as a federal judge decides the fate of a lawsuit that has stopped all executions in the state.

State officials currently can't seek death warrants until a lawsuit against the way it carries out executions is resolved, meaning the state's supply of the sedative midazolam will expire without being used. The state's known supply of midazolam expires on May 31. But law requires Arizona to wait 35 days after obtaining a death warrant before carrying out an execution, meaning it would have had to get the warrant by Tuesday.

A federal judge is deciding on a request by the state to dismiss the lawsuit.

It's unclear whether the state has obtained more midazolam. The state Department of Corrections didn't respond to several calls and emails seeking comment.

The lawsuit was originally filed by a group of death row inmates who said their First Amendment rights were violated by the state's refusal to divulge any information about its supply of lethal drugs and how it gets them. The suit also challenges the use of midazolam, a sedative used in the nearly two-hour death of convicted murderer Joseph Rudolph Wood in July 2014. Wood, convicted of killing his ex-girlfriend and her father, was administered with 15 doses of midazolam and hydromorphone, a pain killer, before dying.

A federal judge in Phoenix is deliberating whether to grant a state motion to dismiss the case. U.S. District Judge Neil Wake heard oral arguments on April 7 and hasn't yet issued a ruling.

Attorneys for the state argue that the U.S. Supreme Court has upheld the use of midazolam in in lethal injections and the state abides by national standards to avoid mishaps. Attorneys told Wake earlier this year that its supply of midazolam will expire on May 31 and that it wasn't able to get more.

The sedative is part of the state's execution protocol, which includes the drugs vecuronium bromide and potassium chloride. Arizona has also tried to obtain sodium thiopental, an anesthetic that has been used in past executions in combination with drugs that paralyze the muscles and stop the heart. The anesthetic currently has no legal uses in the U.S. 

Last summer, the FDA seized a shipment of the drug that Arizona paid $27,000 for. Arizona and other death penalty states have struggled to obtain lethal injection drugs after European companies refused to continue supplying them several years ago.

Wood's attorney, Dale Baich, has said his client's execution was botched and that the state shouldn't use midazolam in its executions. Baich declined to comment on the expiration of the known supply.

Source: Associated Press, April 27, 2016

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