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Iran | Death Penalty According to Shariah Law

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Chapter III of the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran contains provisions related to the rights of the people.  In this Chapter, Article 22 states: “The dignity, life, property, rights, domicile, and occupations of people may not be violated, unless sanctioned by law.” However, the number of crimes punishable by death in Iran is among the highest in the world. Charges such as “adultery, incest, rape, sodomy, insulting the Prophet Mohammad and other great Prophets, possessing or selling illicit drugs, theft and alcohol consumption for the 4th time, premeditated murder, moharebeh (waging war against God), efsad-fil-arz (corruption on earth), baghy (armed rebellion), fraud and human trafficking” are capital offences.[1] Many of the charges punishable by death cannot be considered as “most serious crimes” and do not meet the ICCPR standards.[2] Murder, drug possession and trafficking, rape/sexual assault, moharebeh and efsad-fil-arz and baghy are the most common charges resulting

Iran | Prisoners hanged in Isfahan, Birjand, Babol

Iran Human Rights (IHR); April 13, 2021: The sentence of a prisoner named Mohammad Ghorbani Karimi who was sentenced to death on drug-related charges, has been carried out in Isfahan Central Prison.

According to Iran Human Rights, a man was executed in Isfahan Central Prison on April 12. His identity has been established as 39 year-old Mohammad Ghorbani Karimi, who was sentenced to death on drug-related charges.

According to informed sources, Mohammad Ghorbani Karimi, who had a freelance job prior to his arrest, was arrested in early 2015 and sentenced to death by the Revolutionary Court.

Two other prisoners who are also on death for drug-related charges, are currently in solitary confinement awaiting their executions.

At the time of writing, Mohammad Ghorban Karimi’s execution has not been announced by domestic media or officials in Iran.

Prisoner executed in Birjand


Iran Human Rights (IHR); April 13, 2021: The sentence of a prisoner named Arsalan Moradi who was sentenced to death on drug-related charges, has been carried out in Birjand Central Prison.

According to Iran Human Rights, a man was executed in Birjand Central Prison on April 12. His identity has been established as Arsalan Moradi, who was sentenced to death on drug-related charges.

An informed source told IHR: “Arsalan Moradi was arrested on drug charges two years ago and sentenced to death.”

According to Hengaw which first reported the news, Birjand prison officials did not allow him to have a last visit with his family.

At the time of writing, his execution has not been announced by domestic media or officials in Iran.

It has been almost four years since an Article was added to the Anti-Narcotics Law in 2017 to limit death sentences specifically and provide a general degree of reprieve in some cases. However, while the numbers reduced that year, the death penalty is still being used in drug-related cases.

According to Iran Human Rights’ Annual Report on the Death Penalty in Iran, at least 25 people were executed on drug-related charges in 2020.

2 Prisoners Executed in Babol


As there are no legal distinctions made between murder and manslaughter, whether voluntary or involuntary in Iran

2 prisoners sentenced to qisas (retribution-in-kind) for murder were executed in Babol Central Prison.

According to Rokna, 2 men were executed in Babol Central Prison on April 8. Only identified as A.A and K.H, the men were sentenced to qisas (retribution-in-kind) for murder.

According to the report, on 3 November 2013, the 2 had “entered the house of one of their uncles and his wife, murdering them with a knife and stole 10 to 12 gold bracelets and rings.”

According to Iran Human Rights’ 2020 Annual Report on the Death Penalty in Iran, at least 211 of the 267 of those executed in 2020 were charged with "premeditated murder."

As there are no legal distinctions made between murder and manslaughter, whether voluntary or involuntary in Iran, those charged under the umbrella term of “premeditated murder” will receive the death penalty regardless of intent (mens rea) and the circumstances.

Source: Iran Human Rights, Staff, April 12-13, 2021


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"One is absolutely sickened, not by the crimes that the wicked have committed,
but by the punishments that the good have inflicted." -- Oscar Wilde

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