Iran | Death Penalty According to Shariah Law

Chapter III of the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran contains provisions related to the rights of the people.  In this Chapter, Article 22 states: “The dignity, life, property, rights, domicile, and occupations of people may not be violated, unless sanctioned by law.” However, the number of crimes punishable by death in Iran is among the highest in the world. Charges such as “adultery, incest, rape, sodomy, insulting the Prophet Mohammad and other great Prophets, possessing or selling illicit drugs, theft and alcohol consumption for the 4th time, premeditated murder, moharebeh (waging war against God), efsad-fil-arz (corruption on earth), baghy (armed rebellion), fraud and human trafficking” are capital offences.[1] Many of the charges punishable by death cannot be considered as “most serious crimes” and do not meet the ICCPR standards.[2] Murder, drug possession and trafficking, rape/sexual assault, moharebeh and efsad-fil-arz and baghy are the most common charges resulting

Saudi Arabia | Secret court for dissidents and activists, with torture and death penalty

Crown Prince Mohammad bin Salman (MBS)
The complaint contained in an Amnesty International investigation launched in 2011. Cases of 95 people analysed revealing violence and even the use of the death penalty. A "systematic" use to silence dissent.  Shiite minority among targets.

Riyadh (AsiaNews) - Saudi Arabia uses a special secret court, set up for terrorism cases, to systematically persecute pro human rights activists and other critical voices of the Wahhabi monarchy. This is what emerges from an investigation published in recent days by Amnesty International, which lasted for five years and analyzed the cases of 95 people subjected to the judgment of the special criminal court (SCC) of Riyadh.

The investigation showed that the court was used "systematically" as a weapon to silence criticism. A very harsh accusation, which clashes with the "reformist" and "modern" image that the country has tried to show to the outside world in recent years, under the leadership of Crown Prince Mohammad bin Salman (MBS).

RELATED Amnesty finds Saudi anti-terror court a weapon of repression

Since 2011, the special court in Riyadh has been using anti-terrorism laws (broad spectrum and with large margins of application) and anti-crime rules to perpetrate unjust trials and impose convictions without any legal and factual basis.

Penalties can go up to 30 years in prison; in some cases, judges issued death penalty sentences for human rights defenders, writers, economists, journalists, critical voices, religious leaders and reformists. The Shiite minority, in what is considered the world power of Sunni Islam, has ended up targeted.

"Every provision of the Criminal Court SCC - underlines Heba Morayef, regional director AI for the Middle East and North Africa - is stained by human rights abuses, from denial to access to the lawyer, up to arrest without charge, until to confessions extracted through torture ”.

Saudi Arabia is governed by an absolute Sunni monarchy, based on a Wahhabi fundamentalist view of Islam.

Over the past two years, the Crown Prince’s social reforms included granting women the right to drive cars and to attend sporting events in designated areas of stadiums.

However, the authorities have also cracked down on senior officials, business people, activists and critical voices, most notably in the Jamal Khashoggi affair, raising questions about the real extent of change.

The SCC special court was born in 2008 for cases of affiliation to international terrorism, in particular to the al-Qaeda network. However, according to what emerged from court documents, government declarations, as well as testimonies from activists and lawyers, the court has become a "parody of justice" useful only to strike at freedom of thought and peaceful political activity. 

One of the hardest notes is the use of torture to extract confessions; at least 20 people have been sentenced to death and, of these, 17 have already been executed. "The presumption of innocence - concludes the lawyer Taha al-Hajji, defender of several defendants to the SCC - is not part of the judicial system of Saudi Arabia".

Source: asianews.it, Staff, February 20, 2020

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"One is absolutely sickened, not by the crimes that the wicked have committed,
but by the punishments that the good have inflicted." -- Oscar Wilde

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