Iran: Annual report on the death penalty 2017

IRAN HUMAN RIGHTS (MARCH 13, 2018): The 10th annual report on the death penalty in Iran by Iran Human Rights (IHR) and ECPM shows that in 2017 at least 517 people were executed in the Islamic Republic of Iran. 
This number is comparable with the execution figures in 2016 and confirms the relative reduction in the use of the death penalty compared to the period between 2010 and 2015. 
Nevertheless, with an average of more than one execution every day and more than one execution per one million inhabitants in 2017, Iran remained the country with the highest number of executions per capita.
2017 Annual Report at a Glance:
At least 517 people were executed in 2017, an average of more than one execution per day111 executions (21%) were announced by official sources.Approximately 79% of all executions included in the 2017 report, i.e. 406 executions, were not announced by the authorities.At least 240 people (46% of all executions) were executed for murder charges - 98 more than in 2016.At le…

Arkansas' Reckless Plan to Execute 8 Men in 10 Days Could End in State-Sanctioned Torture Before Death

Between April 17 and 27, Arkansas Gov. Asa Hutchinson plans on doing what should be inconceivable: executing 8 prisoners in 10 days.

After killing no prisoners in the last 12 years, the state is rushing to execute these 8 men before the controversial execution drug it needs to carry them out expires on April 30. The drug, Midazolam, has been directly linked to past botched executions, but that hasn't stopped Hutchinson from planning a killing spree in a few weeks. 

By racing to use a drug known to play a part in botched executions, the governor risks debasing the state of Arkansas, its citizens, and the very American traditions of justice by torturing prisoners to death.

In a hospital setting, Midazolam is prescribed by doctors to calm patients' nerves or act as a sedative for minor procedures. It is not used to put patients under for surgery, let alone anesthetize prisoners before killing them. And when Midazolam is combined with the 2 other drugs used during the execution - vecuronium bromide and potassium chloride - it produces unspeakable pain before death.

We know this because it's happened before.

The most recent Midazolam botch occurred during Alabama's December execution of Ronald Bert Smith. His execution took 34 minutes, during which time Smith heaved and coughed for 13 minutes. His attorneys reported that he remained conscious, responding to corrections officials, well into the execution.

In 2014, the state of Ohio relied on Midazolam with the same horrific results. That same year, a similar nightmare transpired over the course of 2 long hours after Arizona used 15 repeated doses to execute Joseph Wood before he finally stopped coughing and, gulping once, died. These botches together have led an Ohio judge to halt future executions using Midazolam, while Florida and Arizona have also abandoned it.

Beyond the cruelty of using a defective drug to kill someone, Arkansas is upping the probability of something going terribly wrong by ratcheting up the pace of its executions. Double and triple executions are rare in the history of the U.S. death penalty and haven't occurred in close to 20 years. 

When they did happen, it was in a bygone era when states were annually executing 3 and 4 times as many people as they do today. Even then, no state attempted, as Arkansas plans for this April, 4 double executions in 10 days.

The last state to attempt a double execution was Oklahoma, when, also using Midazolam, it botched the execution of Clayton Lockett. The prison warden himself called it a "bloody mess." 

The scene in Lockett's execution chamber was chaos. A doctor was squirted with Lockett's blood as it spurted from a vein. The personnel were confused and distressed. Lockett did not die until 43 minutes later, after the execution had been halted and the shades drawn on the adjacent viewing room. 

Meanwhile, Charles Warner waited to die in the state's 2nd planned execution of the night. After the botch of Lockett's execution, Warner's was cancelled, and the state announced that it would no longer schedule more than 1 execution in a 7-day period.

Multiple dates, set so closely together, increase the risk of human error and resulting torture and injustice. Arkansas's previous botched executions - of Ricky Ray Rector in 1992 and Christina Marie Riggs in 2000, like Lockett's botch - each involved failure to place execution lines properly in the veins. 

This history highlights the role in executions of fallible human beings, who can't help but be affected by the pace and horror of multiple executions. As Sen. John McCain said of Joseph Wood's botched Midazolam execution, "The lethal injection needs to be an indeed lethal injection and not the bollocks-upped situation that just prevailed. That's torture."

History risks repeating itself when we don't heed its lessons. We don't need another state-sanctioned killing to be botched by the use of Midazolam or by the reckless clip of Gov. Hutchinson's scheduled killings. Assembly line justice - artificially paced to an expiring controversial drug choice - can only end in easily avoidable disaster.

Source: aclu.org, ACLU Capital Punishment Project, Brian Stull, March 21, 2017

⚑ | Report an error, an omission, a typo; suggest a story or a new angle to an existing story; submit a piece, a comment; recommend a resource; contact the webmaster, contact us: deathpenaltynews@gmail.com.

Opposed to Capital Punishment? Help us keep this blog up and running! DONATE!

Most Viewed (Last 30 Days)

Texas: Reginald Blanton executed

Thomas Whitaker 'given new life' after death penalty commuted, his dad says

After a Massacre, a Question of One More Death: The Gunman’s

Ohio: Death row inmate Alva Campbell has died

20 Minutes to Death: Record of the Last Execution in France

Florida executes Eric Branch

Alabama has set executions for 2 men, including one who asked for it

Alabama executes Michael Eggers

Singapore: Drug trafficker from Ghana hanged after clemency plea rejected

Iran: Annual report on the death penalty 2017