No Second Chances: What to Do After a Botched Execution

Ohio tried and failed to execute Alva Campbell. The state shouldn't get a second chance.
The pathos and problems of America's death penalty were vividly on display yesterday when Ohio tried and failed to execute Alva Campbell. Immediately after its failure Gov. John Kasich set June 5, 2019, as a new execution date.
This plan for a second execution reveals a glaring inadequacy in the legal standards governing botched executions in the United States.
Campbell was tried and sentenced to die for murdering 18-year-old Charles Dials during a carjacking in 1997. After Campbell exhausted his legal appeals, he was denied clemency by the state parole board and the governor.
By the time the state got around to executing Campbell, he was far from the dangerous criminal of 20 years ago. As is the case with many of America's death-row inmates, the passage of time had inflicted its own punishments.
The inmate Ohio strapped onto the gurney was a 69-year-old man afflicted with serious ailm…

Strong evidence Saudi authorities will go ahead with mass execution, says rights group

Ali Mohammed al-Nimr
Ali Mohammed al-Nimr
There is growing evidence that Saudi Arabia will go ahead with the mass execution of more than 50 people convicted of terrorism, a human rights group has claimed.

Okaz newspaper reported that the country is poised to execute 55 people for "terrorist crimes" that killed more than 100 civilians and 71 security personnel.

The European Saudi Organisation for Human Rights (ESOHR), which has been monitoring the publication of news reports in the media, believes that the Saudi government may be "testing the waters" ahead of the execution of activists convicted of anti-government offences. If the public reaction is not deemed strong enough, the Gulf kingdom could go ahead with the punishments.

Last week, 3 news reports of a mass execution were published in online publications described by ESOHR as "pro-government", including Okaz, Al-Riyadh and Al-Jazeera, quoting unofficial sources. 2 of the articles were subsequently deleted. Additionally, unofficial Twitter accounts, which are known to to be sources close to the government and give accurate news, also spread news about executions, but did not give the identities of the accused.

"When those accounts come out and they announce events, people take it seriously. We think those media put the articles up to evaluate the international community's reaction," Zena Esia, a research associate for the ESOHR, told IBTimes UK.

Esia explained how ESOHR witnessed similar behaviour with Sheikh Nimr Al-Nimr, a prominent human rights defender, who was believed to be in line for execution along with his nephew, Ali Mohammed Al-Nimr. In July, there was a strong reaction from the public, which protested after the Twitter accounts announced Nimr would be executed.

"If the international community is quiet, it would not be in the favour of these young men and Sheikh Nimr Al-Nimr." - Zena Esia, research associate, European Saudi Organisation for Human Rights

Sheikh Nimr was arrested in 2012 after supporting protests that were by then raging in Qatif and al-Awamiyah and was shot in the leg by police. His arrest and later conviction on a range of charges - including "encouraging foreign meddling" in the kingdom and insulting its rulers - caused days of rioting during which 3 protesters were killed.

"In the past, articles went up announcing the government's intentions to execute Sheikh Nimr, to test the water. On the day the protests were planned, a news article came up saying the execution would not take place," Esia said.

"We see this as a deliberate media strategy, which can be very psychological because Ali Mohammed al-Nimr's mother has seen a lot of these unofficial statements, and it is very disturbing for her. If the international community is quiet, it would not be in the favour of these young men and Sheikh Nimr Al-Nimr."

Legal charity Reprieve, which has followed the case of the pro-democracy young man and his uncle, said this week that a number of those who will reportedly be executed come from the same region as the activists convicted of anti-government offences. The men were also taken for an announced medical examination in prison, which suggests their execution has been scheduled.

Under Saudi Arabia's draconian legal system, the two are to be beheaded and their bodies crucified in public. The case has triggered uproar worldwide, with Amnesty International describing the trial as unfair and deeply flawed.

Saudi Arabia has already executed more than 150 people this year, mostly by public beheading, the most in 20 years, rights group Amnesty International said this month.

Source: ibtimes.co.uk, November 30, 2015

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