Iran | Death Penalty According to Shariah Law

Chapter III of the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran contains provisions related to the rights of the people.  In this Chapter, Article 22 states: “The dignity, life, property, rights, domicile, and occupations of people may not be violated, unless sanctioned by law.” However, the number of crimes punishable by death in Iran is among the highest in the world. Charges such as “adultery, incest, rape, sodomy, insulting the Prophet Mohammad and other great Prophets, possessing or selling illicit drugs, theft and alcohol consumption for the 4th time, premeditated murder, moharebeh (waging war against God), efsad-fil-arz (corruption on earth), baghy (armed rebellion), fraud and human trafficking” are capital offences.[1] Many of the charges punishable by death cannot be considered as “most serious crimes” and do not meet the ICCPR standards.[2] Murder, drug possession and trafficking, rape/sexual assault, moharebeh and efsad-fil-arz and baghy are the most common charges resulting

Japanese government has so far failed to implement UN recommendations on death penalty: FIDH

Tokyo Execution Chamber
Tokyo Execution Chamber
The Japanese Government has so far failed to implement UN recommendations on the death penalty, as the country is about to be reviewed for a sixth time by the United Nations Human Rights Committee. [1]

The 109th session of the Human Rights Committee is being held from 14 October to 1 November 2013 in Geneva. On 31 October, the committee will adopt a list of issues for the sixth periodic review of Japan, which will precede the actual review of Japan in July 2014.

“We are concerned at Japan’s continued ignorance of recommendations by UN experts on the death penalty” , said the Center for Prisoners’ Rights Japan (CPR), and the International Federation for Human Rights (FIDH) in a joint statement.

“The execution of Tokuhisa Kumagai, on 12 September, took place right after the International Olympic Committee selected Tokyo as the host city for 2020 Olympic Games. This further displays the extent to which the government remains impervious to international pressure on the matter” , both organizations added.

Mr Kumagai, 73, was the sixth death row inmate executed by the Justice Minister Sadakazu Tanigaki, since his appointment in December 2012. He was first sentenced to life imprisonment before the High Court turned it into the death sentence, which was later confirmed by the Supreme Court. Despite his advanced age and the fact that he was convicted of a single (not multiple) murder, the Japanese government did not take into account the UN Human Rights Committee’s recommendations in 2008 for a more humane approach in the case of elderly persons and the strict limitation of the death penalty to the most serious crimes.

In its submission for the pre-session, [2] CPR addressed the following areas of concern:
  • The continued application of the death penalty in Japan;
  • The strict limitation of the rights of death row inmates;
  • The execution of persons with mental disability; and
  • Poor prison conditions in Japanese detention centers including medical treatment, life imprisonment and the system of parole, solitary confinement, disciplinary measures and grievance mechanisms.
[1] Main UN body in charge of reviewing the implementation of the International Covenant of Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR)

Source: FIDH, October 29, 2013

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