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Iran | Death Penalty According to Shariah Law

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Chapter III of the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran contains provisions related to the rights of the people.  In this Chapter, Article 22 states: “The dignity, life, property, rights, domicile, and occupations of people may not be violated, unless sanctioned by law.” However, the number of crimes punishable by death in Iran is among the highest in the world. Charges such as “adultery, incest, rape, sodomy, insulting the Prophet Mohammad and other great Prophets, possessing or selling illicit drugs, theft and alcohol consumption for the 4th time, premeditated murder, moharebeh (waging war against God), efsad-fil-arz (corruption on earth), baghy (armed rebellion), fraud and human trafficking” are capital offences.[1] Many of the charges punishable by death cannot be considered as “most serious crimes” and do not meet the ICCPR standards.[2] Murder, drug possession and trafficking, rape/sexual assault, moharebeh and efsad-fil-arz and baghy are the most common charges resulting

Iran | Average monthly number of executions during Hassan Rouhani's presidency: 45

The average monthly number of executions under his presidency was 45

Iran Human Rights (IHR); April 13, 2021: According to Iran Human Rights’ reports, at least 4,047 people were executed during the 7.5 years of Rouhani’s presidency.

The 13th Annual Report on the Death Penalty in Iran provides an analysis of the number of executions under Mahmoud Ahmadinejad compared to Hassan Rouhani.

The following is an excerpt from the Annual Report on the Death Penalty in Iran.


This 2020 annual report is being published just months before the end of Hassan Rouhani’s second and, according to the Constitution, last presidential term. 

Reports by IHR reveal at least 4,047 people have been executed during the 7.5 years of Hassan Rouhani’s presidency. 

This is significantly higher than the number of reported executions during the 8 years of Ahmadinejad’s presidency. 

Although the president does not have a direct role in issuing or implementing executions, Hassan Rouhani has never criticised or expressed concern about the sharp rise in the number of executions during his presidency.

A review of Rouhani’s 7.5 years as president shows that the average monthly number of executions under his presidency was 45, compared to an average of 35 monthly executions during the two periods of the previous president, Mahmoud Ahmadinejad. 

It should be noted that the Amendment to the Anti-Narcotics Laws in 2017 also significantly reduced the monthly average execution count during Rouhani’s presidency.

Source: iranhr.net, Staff, April 13, 2021


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"One is absolutely sickened, not by the crimes that the wicked have committed,
but by the punishments that the good have inflicted." -- Oscar Wilde

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