Iran | Death Penalty According to Shariah Law

Chapter III of the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran contains provisions related to the rights of the people.  In this Chapter, Article 22 states: “The dignity, life, property, rights, domicile, and occupations of people may not be violated, unless sanctioned by law.” However, the number of crimes punishable by death in Iran is among the highest in the world. Charges such as “adultery, incest, rape, sodomy, insulting the Prophet Mohammad and other great Prophets, possessing or selling illicit drugs, theft and alcohol consumption for the 4th time, premeditated murder, moharebeh (waging war against God), efsad-fil-arz (corruption on earth), baghy (armed rebellion), fraud and human trafficking” are capital offences.[1] Many of the charges punishable by death cannot be considered as “most serious crimes” and do not meet the ICCPR standards.[2] Murder, drug possession and trafficking, rape/sexual assault, moharebeh and efsad-fil-arz and baghy are the most common charges resulting

At Biden’s 100-Day Mark, Catholics Push For Action On Death Penalty

Through a national petition organized by Catholic Mobilizing Network (CMN), thousands of Catholics, Catholic organizations, and people of goodwill, including the Ignatian Solidarity Network, are calling on President Biden, as his administration hits its 100th day, to fulfill his campaign pledge to dismantle the federal death penalty. Biden, who is Catholic, is the first U.S. president to openly oppose capital punishment and to have campaigned on an explicitly anti-death penalty platform.

“When President Biden took office 100 days ago, our country was in the aftermath of a horrific spree of federal executions ordered by the Trump administration,” commented Krisanne Vaillancourt Murphy, executive director of CMN. “Having seen the grave harm possible at the hands of an administration bent on taking lives, many Catholics were hopeful that President Biden would prioritize taking the steps within his power to dismantle the federal death penalty. But this has not yet been the case.”

In the final six months of the Trump presidency, the administration directed the executions of an unprecedented thirteen people, six of which fell during the lame duck period. The Trump administration’s first execution of Daniel Lewis Lee on July 14, 2020 broke a 17-year hiatus—or “de facto moratorium”—on federal executions that had been in place under the two previous presidencies.

Since assuming office on January 20, President Biden has yet to publicly address the issue of capital punishment.

“The federal death penalty is a part of a broken criminal justice system, in that it is an affront to human dignity,” said Christopher Kerr executive director for the Ignatian Solidarity Network, in response to ISN signing on to the petition. “It denies the possibility of rehabilitation and redemption and has been marred by racial bias, excessive costs, and human error. As people of faith, we know that the abolition of the federal death penalty is an urgent priority.”

Catholic Mobilizing Network launched its petition to then-President-elect Biden on January 8, 2021, just a few weeks prior to the Inauguration. Since then, the petition has accumulated more than 7,500 signatures, including those from prominent Catholics such as: Sr. Helen Prejean, CSJ; Most Rev. Joseph Fiorenza, Archbishop Emeritus of Galveston-Houston; Most Rev. Ramon Bejarano, Auxiliary Bishop of San Diego; Most Rev. William Medley, Bishop of Owensboro; Most Rev. Richard Pates, Apostolic Administrator of Crookston; and Most Rev. Oscar Solis, Bishop of Salt Lake City.

In a comment on the petition, Sr. Prejean wrote: “Mr. President… I urge you to use the fullness of the power invested in you to commute every federal death sentence from death to life. Be bold, President Biden! Truly, what would Jesus do?”

Catholic Mobilizing Network continues to collect petition signatures. All people of goodwill are invited to take action here.

“History has shown us that for an administration to ignore or passively distance itself from the federal death penalty is tantamount to leaving the door open to future government killing sprees,” said Vaillancourt Murphy. “As a Catholic called to uphold the Church’s teaching against capital punishment and as a president with promises to keep, President Biden should declare an official moratorium on federal executions, commute the sentences of those on federal death row, and urge Congress and the states to remove death penalty from law.”

Source: ignatiansolidarity.net, Staff, April 28, 2021

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"One is absolutely sickened, not by the crimes that the wicked have committed,
but by the punishments that the good have inflicted." -- Oscar Wilde

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