Iran | Death Penalty According to Shariah Law

Chapter III of the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran contains provisions related to the rights of the people.  In this Chapter, Article 22 states: “The dignity, life, property, rights, domicile, and occupations of people may not be violated, unless sanctioned by law.” However, the number of crimes punishable by death in Iran is among the highest in the world. Charges such as “adultery, incest, rape, sodomy, insulting the Prophet Mohammad and other great Prophets, possessing or selling illicit drugs, theft and alcohol consumption for the 4th time, premeditated murder, moharebeh (waging war against God), efsad-fil-arz (corruption on earth), baghy (armed rebellion), fraud and human trafficking” are capital offences.[1] Many of the charges punishable by death cannot be considered as “most serious crimes” and do not meet the ICCPR standards.[2] Murder, drug possession and trafficking, rape/sexual assault, moharebeh and efsad-fil-arz and baghy are the most common charges resulting

Australia won’t extradite Singapore-born murder suspect if death penalty awaits him

Tham Kwok Wah, 77 is a suspect in the murder of a man believed to have been thrown from a hotel balcony in Singapore in 1984

Singapore—A man born in Singapore wanted in relation to a murder case nearly four decades ago is in jail in Australia, but the country’s Attorney-General’s Department has said he cannot be extradited if he faces the death penalty.

Seventy-seven-year-old Tham Kwok Wah is a suspect in the murder of a man believed to have been thrown from a hotel balcony in Singapore way back in 1984.

At present, Tham is in jail in Australia due to filing A$104,000 in bogus pension benefits.

Under that country’s law, he cannot be extradited if possible capital punishment awaits him.

The straitstimes.com quotes the Australian Attorney-General’s Department as saying “extradition is not allowed where the offence is subject to the death penalty, unless an undertaking is provided that the death penalty will not be imposed or, if imposed, not carried out”.

Tham, who has lived in Australia under an assumed name for many years, pleaded guilty on November 2019 to fraud and passport deception. He is currently serving a jail term of six years and nine months.

During the course of his trial he acknowledged what his real name is, and that he was born in Singapore on Oct 7, 1943.

He also admitted that he came in Australia in 1986 under the name Tham Kwok Theng, when he was 43 years old.

Tham is a suspect in relation to the murder of 26-year-old Mr Gan Thian Chai, who was found dead on the grounds of the Sea View Hotel in Amber Road.

Mr Gan is believed to have been attacked prior to being thrown over the balcony of the seventh floor of the hotel. It was reported at that time that the pathologist had found wounds on the victim inconsistent with his fall.

In the course of their investigation, police found evidence that gambling had transpired on the night of Mr Gan’s death, and said that there may have been a fight that broke out.

At Tham’s sentencing in Jan 2020, the judge on the case, LA Bennet, said,  “This is an unusual case… The offender has been in this country as an unlawful non-citizen for some 32 years, and so in the broadest terms has been acting contrary to Australian law through the entire period.

In that time, he engaged upon identity fraud which, in turn, was used… to access the benefits that he was able to persuade the authorities to allow him on the false representations he had made.”

The judge called Tham’s actions “among what is said to be the most egregious examples of this type of offending,” and added: “I have not, I must say, in all my experience seen such misconduct within this context.”

Judge Bennet mentioned that Tham is a “person of interest in Singapore” on a murder case, adding, “I am aware that unless policy has changed, he is not at any risk of deportation to that jurisdiction.”

In December of 2020, Tham’s appeal against his sentence at the New South Wales Court of Criminal Appeal failed.

Source: theindependent.sg, Anna Maria Romero, January 28, 2021

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