2018 Death Penalty report: Saudi Arabia’s False Promise

With crown prince Mohammed bin Salman at the helm, 2018 was a deeply violent and barbaric year for Saudi Arabia, under his de facto leadership.
PhotoDeera Square is a public space located in front of the Religious Police building in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, in which public executions (usually by beheading) take place. It is sometimes known as Justice Square and colloquially called Chop Chop Square. After Friday prayers, police and other officials clear the area to make way for the execution to take place. After the beheading of the condemned, the head is stitched to the body which is wrapped up and taken away for the final rites.
This year execution rates of 149 executions, shows an increase from the previous year of three executions, indicating that death penalty trends are soaring and there is no reversal of this trend in sight.
The execution rates between 2015-2018 are amongst the highest recorded in the Kingdom since the 1990s and coincide with the ascension of king Salman to the t…

Why executions are on hold in Louisiana

Louisiana's death chamber
Louisiana hasn't held an execution since 2010, despite having 72 people sitting on death row -- and it won't be resuming executions anytime soon

At the request of state authorities, U.S. District Judge Shelly Dick agreed this week to a 12-month extension of an order temporarily delaying all executions in Louisiana for at least another year. The state is being sued in federal court over its lethal injection protocol for the death penalty.

Attorney General Jeff Landry, a Republican, said this week that Gov. John Bel Edwards, a Democrat, is also dragging his feet on resolving the execution issue. 

Edwards countered that Landry is using the state's difficulty with executions to score political points, but the governor has also declined to say whether he supports the death penalty at all. 

The two men often get into public political squabbles, and Landry is considering running against Edwards in the 2019 gubernatorial election.

There are some challenges for Louisiana when it comes to resuming executions. But Edwards, Landry and the Louisiana Legislature have the ability to address some of these issues -- if they want to get executions moving again.

Here are [several] challenges Louisiana faces:

Louisiana can't get the drugs to perform lethal injection

Louisiana can't put anyone to death because it can't find someone to sell the drugs needed to carry out executions, said Natalie LaBorde, deputy secretary at the Department of Corrections. 

This has been a problem Louisiana has faced for several years. The state's execution protocol has been changed a few times in recent years to try using different drugs that might be easier to acquire -- with no success.

The state's current protocol allows for both a one-drug and two-drug combination to be used in executions, but LaBorde said the state hasn't been able to get the drugs for either procedure.

"The drug companies will not sell them to us," she said in an interview Thursday (July 19).

Changing the type of drugs that the state tries to use again might not help either. 

The Edwards administration and Landry's office had discussed using another drug, like fentanyl, in executions. But at least some drug companies ban Louisiana from using their products for any purpose unless the state agrees not to use them for executions.

The state has had to sign agreements with drug companies saying they won't use the company's products for the death penalty, in order to get access to them for medicinal purposes. 

Louisiana is far from the only state to face this problem. A execution in Nevada was blocked earlier this month when a drug company sued over its product, midazolam, being used to carry out the death penalty. The drug company is accusing Nevada of acquiring the drug through illegitimate means, according to NPR. 

In 2015, Nebraska attempted to purchase lethal injection drugs it wanted to use from India. The U.S. government said it would not permit the drugs to be imported, according to the Omaha World-Herald

Execution drugs became particularly hard to get after 2016, when Pfizer Inc. joined European drug manufacturers in banning their products from being used for executions. Thirty-one states have the death penalty on the books, but only eight states have managed to carry out executions since the Pfizer ban went into place, according to Reuters

Louisiana's process to obtain lethal drugs is more transparent than other states

Louisiana could make it easier to obtain lethal injection drugs if Edwards and the Louisiana Legislature agree to make the process of purchasing the drugs more secretive, according to Robert Dunham, executive director of the Death Penalty Information Center. 

Most states that have been able to successfully carry out executions in 2018 are not required to be as transparent as Louisiana about where they purchase their lethal injection drugs. 

State law makes how Louisiana purchases its lethal injection drugs a matter of public record. That makes it easier for drug companies -- who often oppose their products being used in executions -- to find out if the state is using something they manufacture to carry out the death penalty. 

It also doesn't provide an incentive for compounding pharmacies, who have supplied several states with death penalty drugs in recent years, to work with Louisiana. 

A compounding pharmacy can make the product for an execution without involving a drug manufacturer. States started relying on them for execution drugs after major pharmaceutical businesses banned their products from being used.

Louisiana tried to contact a compounding pharmacy about obtaining drugs for lethal injection in 2014, but it's unclear whether the product was actually purchased, according to the Death Penalty Information Center

Texas has executed eight of the 14 people who have been put to death in the United States this year, and has refused to reveal the compounding pharmacy that supplies its drugs since 2013.

The Texas Supreme Court, however, decided in May that the state's prison system has to reveal the name of its supplier -- at least the one from a couple of years ago. The ruling was in response to a lawsuit being brought by death row inmates, though it won't shed much light on more recent executions. 

In 2015, the Texas Legislature passed a law allowing for the supplier of execution drugs to the state to be kept secret, which the Supreme Court ruling won't affect. Texas will still be able to keep the source of any execution drugs after 2015 a secret, thanks to the state law. 

Louisiana could pass a similar statute to deal with the shortage of execution drugs in this state. In 2014, former state Rep. Joe Lopinto, R-Metairie, introduced a bill to do so, then ended up pulling it. Lopinto got into a disagreement with former Gov. Bobby Jindal over another matter and yanked the bill from consideration as a result. If he hadn't, it would likely have passed because it didn't face much opposition. 

Any lawmaker has the ability to introduce such legislation again. Neither Landry nor the governor have pushed to file such legislation since taking office in 2016. The attorney general -- who is concerned about the pace of executions -- has refused to say whether he would pursue such a bill during the 2019 regular legislative session.

Source: NOLA, Julia O'Donoghue, July 24, 2018

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