Iran: The death penalty is an inhumane punishment for death row prisoners, their families and society as a whole

"Whether guilty or not, the outcome of the death penalty is the same. In Iran, the death penalty is by hanging, and it takes from several agonising seconds to several harrowing minutes for death to occur and for everything to be over."

Every year several hundred people are executed by the Iranian authorities.
According to reports by Iran Human Rights (IHR) and other human rights groups, death row prisoners have often no access to a defence lawyer after their arrest and are sentenced to death following unfair trials and based on confessions extracted from them under torture. 
These are issues which have been addressed in IHR’s previous reports. The current report is based on first-hand accounts of several inmates held in Iran's prisons and their families. The report seeks to illustrate other aspects of how the death penalty affects the inmate, their families and, as a consequence, society.
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Bangladesh: Death penalty for 4 war criminals

Tribunal convicts them of committing genocide in Moulvibazar in 1971

The International Crimes Tribunal-1 yesterday found four Moulvibazar men guilty of committing genocide during the Liberation War and handed down death penalty on all of them.

The 4, who were members of notorious Razakar force, have also been given jail until death for another charge -- committing crimes against humanity. However, the jail term would naturally be merged into the death sentence, the tribunal said.

"In the case in hand, it stands proved that the accused persons were conscious and a culpable part of the common design and criminal enterprise," the 3-member tribunal observed.

"Their [the convicts'] culpable acts and conduct as have been found proved formed a part of attacks which was intended to wipe out the Hindu civilians, freedom fighters and pro-liberation civilians," it added.

Among the convicts, Akmal Ali Talukder, 76, is now in jail and was hauled before the tribunal yesterday. Other convicts Abdun Nur Talukder alias Lal Miah, 62, Anis Miah, 76, and Abdul Musabbir Miah, 64, are on the run. All of them are from Rajnagar upazila of the district.

The tribunal led by Justice Md Shahinur Islam directed the home secretary and the inspector general of police to take necessary steps to arrest the fugitives.

The other 2 members of the tribunal are Justice Amir Hossain and Justice Md Abu Ahmed Jamadar.

During the Liberation War in 1971, Akmal was a member of local peace committee, an anti-liberation organisation, who later joined Razakar Bahini like the 3 other convicts to commit genocide and crimes against humanity, according to the prosecution.

"Despite being Bengali civilians [they] opted to collaborate with the Pakistani occupation army, in exercise of their membership in Razakar Bahini, a paramilitary force in accomplishing the grotesque mayhem," the tribunal said.

Later, the 3 others except Akmal got involved with Jamaat-e-Islami, a political party that vehemently opposed the Liberation War, the prosecution said.

Syed Haider Ali, conducting prosecutor of the case, expressed satisfaction over the verdict saying, "We have got justice."

Abul Hasan, state-appointed defence counsel for the fugitives, however, said he was aggrieved by the verdict and expressed the hope that if the fugitives surrendered and challenged the verdict with the Supreme Court, they would get justice.

According to the International Crimes (Tribunals) Act, 1973, a war crimes convict can file an appeal with the SC within 30 days from the date of verdict's pronouncement.

With the latest verdict, the war crimes tribunals have so far delivered 33 judgements against 73 people. 47 of them have been sentenced to death.


The tribunal handed down death penalty on the 4 convicts for an act of genocide where 59 Hindu men of Panchgaon village under Rajnagar upazila were killed, Hindu women were raped and at least 132 houses were looted and torched between May 7 and 8, 1971.

"... we are of the view that the perpetrators intended to effect destruction of the civilians belonging to the Hindu religious group by causing indiscriminate killing on a massive scale, sexual abuse, wanton looting and burning down houses," the tribunal observed.

They were given "imprisonment for life till biological death" for an offence of crimes against humanity where 2 Hindu men of Pashchimbagh in Rajnagar were abducted, confined, tortured and killed and their houses were looted and torched between November 24 and 25.

Not only the actual perpetrators (Pakistani army) but also all the four accused "who remained consciously concerned with such shocking and horrendous crimes committed against humanity would be known as the enemies of the mankind," the tribunal observed.

Source: The Daily Star, July 19, 2018

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"One is absolutely sickened, not by the crimes that the wicked have committed,
but by the punishments that the good have inflicted." -- Oscar Wilde

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