Iran: The death penalty is an inhumane punishment for death row prisoners, their families and society as a whole

"Whether guilty or not, the outcome of the death penalty is the same. In Iran, the death penalty is by hanging, and it takes from several agonising seconds to several harrowing minutes for death to occur and for everything to be over."

Every year several hundred people are executed by the Iranian authorities.
According to reports by Iran Human Rights (IHR) and other human rights groups, death row prisoners have often no access to a defence lawyer after their arrest and are sentenced to death following unfair trials and based on confessions extracted from them under torture. 
These are issues which have been addressed in IHR’s previous reports. The current report is based on first-hand accounts of several inmates held in Iran's prisons and their families. The report seeks to illustrate other aspects of how the death penalty affects the inmate, their families and, as a consequence, society.
How does a death row inmate experience his final hours?
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Iraq executes 13 convicted of ‘terror’ charges

Baghdad Central Prison, Iraq
ERBIL, Kurdistan Region — Iraq executed 13 people for "terrorist crimes" after legal proceedings, the justice ministry announced on Monday.

Eleven of the individuals were convicted of exploding car bombs, killing security personnel, or kidnappings.

The Ministry of Justice stated it renews its commitment to implement provisions of Iraqi law within its framework "without being affected by any side pressures."

Details about the individuals executed, the courts, their trials, a timeline for alleged crimes, prosecutors and defense teams were not released.

Iraq's justice system is complicated and not transparent, a Rudaw English investigative series of reports entitled 'Justice After ISIS' discovered in early 2017. 

Iraq executed 111 people in 2017, according to an Amnesty International report released in March.

In Nasiriya prison on December 15, 38 people were hanged after terrorism convictions.

More than 19,000 were arrested and charged with links to ISIS during the three-year conflict, according to an Associated Press report. More than 3,000 of them were sentenced to death.

"We are deeply alarmed by this report and the Iraqi authorities’ mass use of the death penalty and the courts’ reliance on torture-tainted 'confessions' to secure convictions," wrote Lynn Maalouf, the Middle East Research Director at Amnesty in a March 21 report.

According to AP, thousands more suspects are believed to be held by Iraqi Federal Police, military intelligence agencies, and Kurdish security forces.

The Kurdistan Region has capital punishment. More than 250 convicted felons are currently in Kurdish prisons. 

In the majority of cases, the death penalties have been suspended indefinitely with the violators serving life-sentences in prison instead. 

The suspension of the sentences is due to a de facto moratorium that Kurdish authorities have imposed on the death penalty since 2008, which essentially blocks its use except for terror-related charges or “exceptionally heinous crimes.” 

Kurdish law requires the president to sign the death sentences before they can be carried out. Since 2008, the death penalty has been carried out in four cases. Most recently, a Kurdish man and his two wives, convicted of abducting and murdering two schoolgirls, were hanged in November 2016.

Human rights groups have urged the Kurdistan Region to abolish the death penalty permanently and commute them to life in prison. Kurdish officials have denied that Peshmerga or security forces conducted extrajudicial executions during the ISIS conflict.

Source: rudaw.net, April 17, 2018

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"One is absolutely sickened, not by the crimes that the wicked have committed,
but by the punishments that the good have inflicted." -- Oscar Wilde

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