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Iran: The death penalty is an inhumane punishment for death row prisoners, their families and society as a whole

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"Whether guilty or not, the outcome of the death penalty is the same. In Iran, the death penalty is by hanging, and it takes from several agonising seconds to several harrowing minutes for death to occur and for everything to be over."

Every year several hundred people are executed by the Iranian authorities.
According to reports by Iran Human Rights (IHR) and other human rights groups, death row prisoners have often no access to a defence lawyer after their arrest and are sentenced to death following unfair trials and based on confessions extracted from them under torture. 
These are issues which have been addressed in IHR’s previous reports. The current report is based on first-hand accounts of several inmates held in Iran's prisons and their families. The report seeks to illustrate other aspects of how the death penalty affects the inmate, their families and, as a consequence, society.
How does a death row inmate experience his final hours?
Speaking about the final ho…

Texas: Court findings offer hope for death row inmate in case tainted by 'Dr. Death'

Death-row cell, Polunsky Unit, Livingston, Texas
Even after the parole board refused to consider a prosecutor's rare plea for clemency, the condemned man at the center of a controversial death row case may have another shot at life after a favorable finding in Kerr County court.

Jeff Wood, a Kerrville man with a low IQ, was sent to death row under the so-called "law of parties" for his role in a 1996 store robbery gone wrong. As the getaway driver, Wood wasn't actually inside the building when Danny Reneau fired the shot that killed clerk Kriss Keeran.

In the more than two decades since the slaying, Wood's case has sparked criticism from both sides of the political aisle - in part because of his low intelligence, in part because he wasn't the shooter, and in part because of testimony from a notorious forensic psychiatrist dubbed "Dr. Death" for his damning words in more than 100 capital cases.

Though he's not contesting his guilt, Wood is still fighting his capital sentence - and last year the Kerr County District Attorney even sided with him, penning a plea for clemency on his behalf.

Now, a trial court finding - currently sitting in front of the Texas Court of Criminal Appeals for approval - could win him a new punishment phase, partly as a result of Dr. James Grigson's allegedly false testimony.

"He has a pretty strong case," said Robert Dunham, executive director of the Death Penalty Information Center.

Wood's first execution date in 2008 was called off over questions as to mental competence. Eight years later, he came within days of death before a state appeals court called off his scheduled execution in a 7-2 decision.

In a brief opinion, the Texas Court of Criminal Appeals bounced the case back to the trial court over concerns that Grigson's claims as to Wood's future dangerousness - a key factor in doling out a death sentence - could have been false and misleading, constituting a violation of due process.

And if he wasn't really a future danger, then he shouldn't have been eligible for a death sentence under Texas law.

Then in March 2017 a lower court judge put things on hold after District Attorney Lucy Wilke decided to ask the parole board to consider clemency for the condemned man.

In an August 2017 parole board letter co-signed by the chief of police and trial court judge, Wilke said that she didn't learn Grigson had been expelled from the American Psychiatric Association until well after the trial - and had she known, she wouldn't have put him on the stand.

Also, Wilke wrote, the victim's family didn't want a death sentence, Wood wasn't the actual shooter, and he'd been well-behaved behind bars. A similar set of arguments helped convince the parole board - and eventually Gov. Greg Abbott - to side with Thomas Whitaker last month and commute his sentence to life less than an hour before a scheduled execution.

But - unlike Whitaker - Wood didn't have an execution on the calendar. And so the parole board refused to even consider the request in his case.

"It has been determined that this request does not meet the requirement envisioned in Board Rule Section 143.57, Commutation of a Death Sentence to a Lesser Penalty, because there is currently no Execution Warrant," the board wrote in December.

"Even though Board Rule Section 141. 51 allows the Texas Board of Pardons and Paroles to consider a request not contemplated by the rules, it has been determined that, in this case, Mr. Wood's request will not be considered by the Board at this time."

The board did not offer any additional explanation for its decision, though it has at times acted on cases without set executions in the past.

Afterward, both sides went back to the trial court, where a judge approved a new set of findings recommending relief - vacating the sentence - for the death row prisoner.

If Wood gets off death row over Grigson's testimony, it could have implications for other cases hinging on the former psychiatrist's assessments of future danger.

"One of the problems that this case poses for prosecutors is that there are dozens and dozens of cases in which James Grigson provided false testimony on future dangerousness," Dunham said. "He made more than 100 predictions of future dangerousness. Grigson didn't get the nickname 'Dr. Death' by accident."

Claiming 100 percent accuracy in his predictions, Grigson didn't always personally interview the convicted killers he testified about, a pattern that prompted reprimands and later expulsion from the American Psychiatric Association.

If the CCA sides with Wood, it could bolster appeals in other cases that utilized Grigson's testimony - especially any that relied on his word after he was disciplined, Dunham said. It's not clear how many cases that might entail.

And, potentially muddying the waters in Wood's case, prosecutors this year filed an objection to the findings they previously agreed to.

It's unclear when a decision might come.

In the meantime, Jeff Wood waits.

Source: chron.com, Keri Blakinger, March 20, 2018


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"One is absolutely sickened, not by the crimes that the wicked have committed,
but by the punishments that the good have inflicted." -- Oscar Wilde

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