In the crosshairs of conscience: John Kitzhaber's death penalty reckoning

To cope with his dread, John Kitzhaber opened his leather-bound journal and began to write.
It was a little past 9 on the morning of Nov. 22, 2011. Gary Haugen had dropped his appeals. A Marion County judge had signed the murderer's death warrant, leaving Kitzhaber, a former emergency room doctor, to decide Haugen's fate. The 49-year-old would soon die by lethal injection if the governor didn't intervene.
Kitzhaber was exhausted, having been unable to sleep the night before, but he needed to call the families of Haugen's victims.
"I know my decision will delay the closure they need and deserve," he wrote.
The son of University of Oregon English professors, Kitzhaber began writing each day in his journal in the early 1970s. The practice helped him organize his thoughts and, on that particular morning, gather his courage.
Kitzhaber first dialed the widow of David Polin, an inmate Haugen beat and stabbed to death in 2003 while already serving a life sentence fo…

Arkansas Executions: Damien Echols, Ex-Death Row Inmate, Will Speak for Condemned

Damien Echols
Damien Echols
Damien Echols has nightmares about being back in Arkansas. As a member of the West Memphis 3, Echols spent nearly 2 decades on death row in Arkansas - accused of the 1993 murder of 3 8-year-old boys - but was later released due to new DNA evidence.

But he is set to return on Friday in protest of the state government's decision to execute 7 men in 10 days because their execution drugs are expiring.

The 2 nights he will spend in Arkansas will be his longest stay and only the 2nd time he has returned since his release in 2011.

"Ever since the executions were announced, I've had tons and tons of people contacting me to, number 1, would I help in some way? Number 2, would I be willing to come back to Arkansas and speak out against this?" Echols told NBC News.

"It takes a lot for me to go back to Arkansas," he added. "It's a place that holds nothing but horror and despair for me. This whole situation is horrific and fills me with despair to the point that I wake up at night trying to scream."

Furonda Brasfield, executive director of the Arkansas Coalition to Abolish the Death Penalty, has organized a protest on the steps of the state capitol building at 1:30 p.m. on Good Friday - 3 days before the state plans to execute 2 of the 7 condemned men.

Echols - who rose to national consciousness in the early '90s because of an HBO documentary about the peculiarities that surrounded his case and caught the attention of celebrities like Eddie Vedder, Henry Rollings, Margaret Cho and Johnny Depp - will speak alongside faith leaders, local officials and a few noteworthy activists.

The former death row inmate's gaze has returned to the state that attempted to kill him because he wants to shine a light on the men he lived alongside for a harrowing 18 years. He believes the historic pace of executions Arkansas has planned, what he calls "a conveyor belt of death," could be a tipping point in the way the death penalty is perceived in the United States and Arkansas, a state which broadly supports capital punishment.

A 2014 poll conducted by Opinion Research Associates found that 83 % of Arkansans said that the perceived deterrence aspect of capital punishment was important to them and 67 % supported the death penalty.

Echols, 42, doesn't quite understand the support, calling it willful ignorance, because he believes his case should have proven to Arkansans that innocent men can be put on death row. But Arkansas politicians tend to use death penalty as a tool to build support.

Patrick Crane, the sergeant in charge of Arkansas's death row in 2007, said correctional officers are forced to deal with the emotional and psychological weight of death row while politicians win "tough-on-crime" points with their constituents.

"I'm a Republican - I've never voted for a Democrat in my life - but these politicians in Little Rock are going to benefit on the backs of honorable men with families to feed who are poor and who have to fulfill their job," he said.

Crane said he went to work on death row in support of the death penalty, but found the environment distasteful. It was Echols's case, as well as many inmates' clear mental illness that made him rethink his position and leave the job he held.

"What if we killed Damien Echols?" he asked. "We now know that guy is innocent but we could have killed an innocent man."

Echols, considered the leader of the West Memphis 3 (that includes Jason Baldwin and Jessie Misskelley), became a symbol of the innocent man on death row. To be released, however, Arkansas did not admit Echols' innocence - the state has never exonerated any inmate. Instead, he was granted an Alford Plea, a technicality which allows him to maintain his innocence while pleading guilty.

He went through a dozen lawyers over 18 years to get to that point and earned an unheard of amount of media attention.

Echols said he nearly was killed when he first entered death row. Then 19-years-old, the correctional officers at the time decided to "welcome me to the neighborhood." He said they kept him isolated and beat and starved him for more than 2 weeks - long enough that Echols thought he would die there.

His fellow inmates smuggled him food and appealed to a deacon who visited death row to get him out. Don Davis - the man the state plans to execute 1st - stood out as a savior in that instance and went on to watch his back for 18 years, Echols said.

Davis, believed to have an IQ between 69 and 77 - according to an investigation by Harvard Law School's Fair Punishment Project - murdered a 62-year-old woman while he burglarized her home in 1990. According to Echols, Davis, who has been on death row for more than 25 years, admitted to his crime and was tormented by the murder.

"One day we were sitting down and talking about it and he started crying so hard," Echols said, starting to cry himself. "It was like watching someone's soul break open. He was telling me how it had tortured him every single day that he did what he did - that he wishes that he could be as evil as the politicians in Arkansas all said he was, so that it wouldn't bother him anymore."

Harvard's report found that 2 men slated for execution this month are severely mentally ill - one believes that death row is a test from God "to prepare him for a special mission as an evangelist" and the other hallucinates "bugs, ants and spiders in particular, that he believed were going to get him. A 3rd man is intellectually disabled and suffered significant head injuries that might have caused brain trauma, and a 4th was first represented by a drunk lawyer and then a mentally ill lawyer - both attorneys later lost their licenses."

"A lot of those guys are mentally ill and there's no need to execute them," Crane said about the inmates. "We got them locked up and they're not going anywhere."

Crane does not believe the death penalty is necessary, and that it dehumanizes everyone involved, one of the reasons he now works as a postal worker in his home state of Kansas.

"You can't be a person of character and know what I know and still be for the death penalty," Crane said.

"I'm a Catholic and while I'm not particularly good at being religious," he added, "I know I'm going to have to account for myself, for what I did and what I saw."

Echols agrees, and that's why he feels obligated to return to Arkansas - a place that, to him, feels as though it is full of enemies and terror. While it is not fun to relive his time in prison, or the thoughts he had while waiting for his execution to be scheduled, he wants people to consider his story and imagine what might have happened if no one had paid attention to his case.

"The thing I always try to keep in mind," he said, "is every single person, every single person that hears my story is a potential jury member on someone else's case in the future and can make sure the same thing doesn't happen to someone else."

Source: NBC News, April 11, 2017

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