Iran: Annual report on the death penalty 2017

IRAN HUMAN RIGHTS (MARCH 13, 2018): The 10th annual report on the death penalty in Iran by Iran Human Rights (IHR) and ECPM shows that in 2017 at least 517 people were executed in the Islamic Republic of Iran. 
This number is comparable with the execution figures in 2016 and confirms the relative reduction in the use of the death penalty compared to the period between 2010 and 2015. 
Nevertheless, with an average of more than one execution every day and more than one execution per one million inhabitants in 2017, Iran remained the country with the highest number of executions per capita.
2017 Annual Report at a Glance:
At least 517 people were executed in 2017, an average of more than one execution per day111 executions (21%) were announced by official sources.Approximately 79% of all executions included in the 2017 report, i.e. 406 executions, were not announced by the authorities.At least 240 people (46% of all executions) were executed for murder charges - 98 more than in 2016.At le…

Iranian and US-Iranian dual national sentenced to death in Iran for founding “cult” and promoting moral corruption

An Iranian and a US-Iranian dual national were sentenced to death in Iran on Sunday on charges of founding a “cult” and promoting moral corruption.

The defendants, who have not been named, are believed to be a couple involved in the art industry who were arrested in July last year. They ran a leading art gallery in Tehran, the Iranian capital, and were known to associate with foreign diplomats.

Iran has arrested several Iranians holding dual nationality in recent months in a move analysts suggest is intended to intimidate those associated with foreign businesses or who have social connections with foreigners.

Abbas Jafari Dolatabadi, Tehran prosecutor-general, said on Sunday that the man and woman had been sentenced because they established “a new cult” and made “alcoholic beverages, encouraged vice . . . through throwing mixed parties [and] . . . exhibiting and selling obscene images at gallery”.

He said the man was a US-Iranian dual national who owned a large home in an affluent neighbourhood in Tehran where he kept 4,000 litres of alcohol, which is illegal in Iran.

Two reformist Iranian journalists have also been arrested in recent days. Hengameh Shahidi, who is also a human-rights activist, was arrested on Thursday.

Ms Shahidi had previously spent two years in prison for protesting against alleged fraud in the 2009 presidential elections. Ehsan Mazandarani was arrested on Sunday. He had been released from prison earlier this year after being in jailed in November 2015 on charges of acting against national security.

Pro-reform politicians have speculated that the latest crackdown is linked to May’s presidential election, when Hassan Rouhani, Iran’s centrist leader, will seek re-election. Hardliners in Iran commonly resort to politically motivated arrests to discourage reformists before the polls, they say.

A handwritten letter by Ms Shahidi was released on social media on Sunday in which she claimed she had received warning of her imminent arrest. “I see no reason for my arrest . . . unless it is a pre-election plan for broad arrests of political activists and journalists,” she wrote.

Source: The Financial Times, Monavar Khalaj, March 12, 2017

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