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No Second Chances: What to Do After a Botched Execution

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Ohio tried and failed to execute Alva Campbell. The state shouldn't get a second chance.
The pathos and problems of America's death penalty were vividly on display yesterday when Ohio tried and failed to execute Alva Campbell. Immediately after its failure Gov. John Kasich set June 5, 2019, as a new execution date.
This plan for a second execution reveals a glaring inadequacy in the legal standards governing botched executions in the United States.
Campbell was tried and sentenced to die for murdering 18-year-old Charles Dials during a carjacking in 1997. After Campbell exhausted his legal appeals, he was denied clemency by the state parole board and the governor.
By the time the state got around to executing Campbell, he was far from the dangerous criminal of 20 years ago. As is the case with many of America's death-row inmates, the passage of time had inflicted its own punishments.
The inmate Ohio strapped onto the gurney was a 69-year-old man afflicted with serious ailm…

Pakistan Supreme Court to review death sentence of mentally ill prisoner

Pakistan’s Supreme Court will rehear the death penalty case of a severely mentally ill man on Monday (14th).

Imdad Ali was due to be hanged on 2 November until the Supreme Court issued a stay just days before he would have gone to the gallows.

Mr Ali has been diagnosed with paranoid schizophrenia. Recent prison medical assessments described Mr Ali as “insane”, and concluded that his is “a treatment-resistant case.” The execution of mentally ill people is illegal under Pakistani and international law.

The Supreme Court had previously cleared the way for Mr Ali’s execution, saying controversially that schizophrenia was ‘not a mental illness’. However, on 31 October the Supreme Court postponed Mr Ali’s hanging after a fresh petition from his lawyers, and following an intervention in support of Mr Ali from the government of Punjab province, where he is held.

The Punjab government's review petition said that the Supreme Court’s definition of schizophrenia “has resulted in a grave miscarriage of justice”, because it was contrary to the universally accepted medical definition of ‘mental disorder’. It stated that prison medical records showed Mr Ali had “consistently displayed symptoms of schizophrenia” and “is not showing signs of improvement and has active psychotic symptoms”.

Commenting, Maya Foa, a director at human rights organization Reprieve, which is assisting Mr Ali, said:

“Pakistan’s Supreme Court has a golden opportunity to revise its decision and clarify that not only is schizophrenia a serious mental illness, but also that prisoners with illnesses this severe cannot be executed. It is universally accepted that the execution of a prisoner as mentally ill as Imdad serves no moral purpose and is contrary to international law. This exceptional case has drawn attention from around the world. It is now hoped the Court will confirm that international and Pakistani law do not permit the execution of this severely mentally ill man.”

- More information about Mr Ali's case can be seen at the Reprieve website.

Source: Reprieve, November 12, 2016. Reprieve is an international human rights organization.

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