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The Aum Shinrikyo Executions: Why Now?

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With the execution of Aum Shinrikyo leader and six of his followers, Japan looks to leave behind an era of tragedy. 
On July 6, 2018, Japanese authorities executed seven members of the religious movement Aum Shinrikyo (Aum true religion, or supreme truth), which carried out the 1995 Tokyo subway sarin attack and a series of other atrocities. None of the seven of the executed men were directly involved in releasing the gas on that tragic day; four of those who did remain under a death sentence, and their executions may be imminent.
The seven executed were involved in planning and organizing the various crimes committed by Aum. Asahara Shoko (born Matsumoto Chizuo), was the founder and leader of the movement, having developed the doctrinal system instrumental to Aum’s violence and its concept of a final cosmic war of good (Aum) against evil (the corrupt material world and everyone — from the Japanese government to the general public — who lived in it). Asahara is believed to have given …

Jakarta’s Christian Governor Will Face Charges of Blaspheming Islam in Court

Jakarta Governor Basuki Tjahaja Purnama, nicknamed "Ahok"
Jakarta Governor Basuki Tjahaja Purnama, nicknamed "Ahok"
Islamic hard-liners are planning further massive protests against the embattled official

Basuki Tjahaja Purnama, the governor of Indonesia’s capital Jakarta, is set to face blasphemy charges in court, the Indonesian Attorney General’s Office (AGO) told journalists Wednesday.

The police submitted a dossier to the AGO last Friday, nine days after they named the Christian governor, popularly known by his Chinese nickname Ahok, as a suspect in the case.

Ahok, who is running in the gubernatorial election next year, said the legal process would take some time. “The proceedings until the ruling could take one to two years,” he said. “There’s nothing that shows I insulted a religion. Nothing at all.”

The governor, who has a reputation for speaking bluntly, is accused of insulting Islam in a campaign speech he made on Sept. 27, in which he pushed back against hard-line and ultraconservative Muslims who have argued that a non-Muslim should not hold a leadership position in Indonesia — the world’s most populous Muslim nation.

At the time, he said that hardliners who had backed up their position by citing a Quranic verse were lying. He told a crowd: “Ladies and gentlemen, you don’t have to vote for me — because you’ve been lied to by those using [the Quran’s] Surah al-Maidah verse 51.”

Many religious moderates have defended Ahok, and his supporters say the transcript of his speech has been edited to change its meaning. An academic who uploaded the video and transcript online has also been charged with hate speech.

Ahok has repeatedly apologized, but so far failed to appease conservative anger.

Muslim hard-liners have already staged two mass protests against Ahok. One person died in the evening riots that followed a rally on Nov. 4. Around 200,000 people took the streets in downtown Jakarta that day, demanding the governor to be persecuted and that President Joko “Jokowi” Widodo to step down.

The hard-liners vow to go ahead with more protests on Friday. Indonesian police chief Tito Karnavian gave a warning on Nov. 21 about the planned rallies, saying that “there are political agendas, one of which is a coup attempt.”

After his boss Jokowi was elected President in 2014, Ahok became Jakarta’s governor — a political milestone for a member of Indonesia’s ethnic Chinese minority. He has won praises for no-nonsense approach to problems that plague the sprawling capital, though his uncompromising attitude has also made enemies.

Ahok is still allowed to seek re-election despite his legal difficulties, but his electability has slipped to No. 2, a survey showed last week. His rival Agus Harimurti Yudhoyono, the eldest son of former President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono, led the poll.

Source: TIME, Yenni Kwok, November 29, 2016

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