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To beat the clock on the expiration of its lethal injection drug supply, this past April, Arkansas tried to execute 8 men over 1 days. The stories told in frantic legal filings and clemency petitions revealed a deeply disturbing picture. Ledell Lee may have had an intellectual disability that rendered him constitutionally ineligible for the death penalty, but he had a spate of bad lawyers who failed to timely present evidence of this claim -…

Una juez argentina acepta investigar la ejecución de García Lorca

Federico García Lorca
Federico García Lorca
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La jueza federal María Romilda Servini de Cubría ha aceptado la denuncia presentada por la Asociación para la Recuperación de la Memoria Histórica

La juez federal argentina María Romilda Servini de Cubría, quien desde hace años investiga violaciones de derechos humanos durante el franquismo, ha aceptado la denuncia por la desaparición del poeta Federico García Lorca presentada por la Asociación para la Recuperación de la Memoria Histórica (ARMH).

El presidente de este colectivo, Emilio Silva, ha informado este miérccoles de que la juez ha aceptado este caso y de que ya ha enviado un exhorto a España para iniciar diligencias.

El inicio de esta investigación judicial coincide con el 80 aniversario del asesinato del poeta nacido en Fuente Vaqueros (Granada) y tras el hallazgo de unos documentos que la asociación había custodiado.

La denuncia, que fue formalizada el pasado abril, trasladaba a la jueza argentinaun relato que acreditaba "de manera fehaciente" las circunstancias de la detención y el asesinato de Federico García Lorca, a partir de un documento de la Jefatura Superior de Policía de Granada fechado el 9 de julio de 1965.

La versión franquista

El referido informe, que mostró por primera vez la versión oficial del régimen franquista sobre la muerte del poeta, señalaba que García Lorca fue fusilado junto a otra persona, y define al poeta como "socialista y masón", a la vez que le atribuye "prácticas de homosexualismo, aberración que llegó a ser vox populi".

García Lorca se encontraba en Granada, hasta donde había llegado días antes desde Madrid, ciudad en la que residía, explica el documento, que añade que, en el lapso de pocos días, se practicaron dos registros en su domicilio, tras lo cual se refugió en casa de sus amigos, los hermanos Rosales Camacho, falangistas.

Allí permaneció hasta su detención, que el documento sitúa entre los últimos días de julio y los primeros de agosto de 1936 y que se produjo con una orden procedente del Gobierno Civil.

Una vez efectuada la detención, se condujo a García Lorca a los calabozos del Gobierno Civil y se interesaron por él los hermanos Rosales Camacho y el jefe local y el jefe de milicias de Falange quienes, tras entrevistarse con el entonces gobernador civil, no consiguieron la libertad del detenido.

Crímenes contra la Humanidad

La denuncia recoge que García Lorca fue sacado del Gobierno Civil "por fuerzas dependientes del mismo" y conducido en un coche al término municipal de Víznar junto a otro detenido cuyas circunstancias personales se desconocen y que, en las inmediaciones de un lugar conocido como Fuente Grande, "fue pasado por las armas".

A partir de este relato, la ARMH trasladó a la jueza la importancia de este caso para la configuración del que considera un "contexto de crímenes contra la Humanidad". También destacó que "resulta indispensable" contar con toda la documentación vinculada a este hecho que pueda encontrarse en los archivos del Ministerio del Interior español.

Como medida de prueba, solicitaron que se remitiera una comisión rogatoria al Juzgado de Instrucción de Madrid que correspondiera por turno para que recabase del Ministerio copias certificadas del expediente de la Jefatura Superior de Policía de Granada de 1965, así como toda documentación que obre en sus archivos relativa a la detención y homicidio de García Lorca.

Fuente: El Mundo, 17/08/2016


Judge opens investigation into death of Spanish poet Federico García Lorca


Federico García Lorca
Federico García Lorca
García Lorca’s death, possibly in 1936, remains a mystery after the site where he was believed to be buried was excavated in 2009 without finding remains

An Argentinian judge has started an investigation into the death of Spanish poet and playwright Federico García Lorca, who is believed to have been executed in 1936 by forces loyal to General Francisco Franco.

García Lorca’s fate remains a mystery after the site near the Spanish city of Granada where he was believed to have been buried was excavated in 2009 without finding human remains.

With efforts by the Spanish justice system stalled, a Spanish human rights group called the Association for the Recuperation of Historic Memory asked Argentinian federal judge Maria Servini to take up the case. She has accepted, said a statement by the group on Facebook.

“The case has been incorporated into an ongoing investigation by Judge Maria Servini into crimes against humanity,” it said.

Servini was already looking into Franco-era crimes ranging from torture to extra-judicial killings. Franco ruled for almost four decades after his Nationalist forces won Spain’s 1936-1939 civil war.

Spain’s most famous human rights judge, Baltasar Garzón, opened an inquiry into Franco-era crimes in 2008 but later dropped the case – an example of the issue’s political sensitivity.

The Spanish group first requested that Servini, who could not be reached for comment, take up the Garcia Lorca case in April.

“The judge has requested that the courts in Madrid release the case file to the association,” an Argentinian court source with knowledge of the case told Reuters. Unauthorized to speak to the press, the source asked not to be identified.

Spain’s civil war became a curtain-raiser for the second world war, when Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy provided arms and funding for Franco’s forces. Soviet leader Josef Stalin backed communists fighting against them and Franco saw himself as a “sentinel” against communism.

Volunteers from various countries, known as the International Brigades, traveled to Spain to join the fight against Franco after he launched his revolt against Spain’s Republican government in 1936.

Historians estimate as many as 500,000 combatants and civilians were killed on the Republican and Nationalist sides in the war. After it ended, tens of thousands of Franco’s enemies were killed or imprisoned in a campaign to wipe out dissent.

Source: The Guardian, August 17, 2016

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