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Iran Execution Trends Six Months After the New Anti-Narcotics Law

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IRAN HUMAN RIGHTS (MAY 28, 2018): On Monday, May 10, 2018, Iran Human Rights (IHR) reported the execution of Kiomars Nasouhi, a prisoner sentenced to death for drug offenses. This execution is the first drug-related execution registered by IHR since the latest amendment to the Anti-Narcotics Law was enforced on November 14, 2017.
According to reports by IHR, at least 77 people, among them three juvenile offenders have been executed between January 1. and May 20, 2018. Four were hanged in public spaces. Of the reported executions 62 were sentenced to death for murder, seven for Moharebeh (being an “enemy of God”), seven for rape, and 1 for drug offenses. For comparison, it is reported that during the same period in 2017, at least 203 people were executed, 112 were executed for drug offenses. The significant reduction in the number of executions in 2018 seems to be due to a temporary halt in drug-related executions as the number of executions for murder charges were nearly the same as …

Australian charged with cyanide-coffee killing not exempt from death penalty, Indonesian court says

Jessica Wongso
Jessica Wongso
There is no agreement preventing Australian resident Jessica Wongso from facing the death penalty, an Indonesian court has said.

That is despite Justice Minister Michael saying he approved the Australian Federal Police's assistance in the high-profile Jakarta murder case because he was promised the death penalty would not apply.

Wongso will shortly face trial accused of poisoning her 27-year-old friend Mirna Salihin in a Jakarta cafe.

Ms Salihin died in January shortly after drinking a coffee that police said was laced with cyanide.

Murder is a capital crime in Indonesia and a judge with the Central Jakarta District Court says there is no binding agreement to prevent a death sentence from being handed down.

District Court Judge and spokesman for the Central Jakarta District Court Jamaluddin Samosir told the ABC the Indonesian justice system "does not recognise that kind of deal".

"No such deal is possible in our system," Judge Jamaluddin said.

The Central Jakarta District Court will hear Wongso's trial after prosecutors said last week the case would proceed.

Judge Jamaluddin added: "The judges can decide any penalty they want. We are independent, there can be no intervention."

Prosecutors can recommend a penalty — but it is no guarantee of what is actually handed down.

The Jakarta Prosecutor's office also indicated to the ABC there was no binding agreement.

In a statement, the office said: "The one who decides and tries [the case] is the judge. All depends on the facts in the trial."

Professor Tim Lindsey, from the Centre for Indonesian Law, Islam and Society at the University of Melbourne Law School, said "the judges in Indonesian courts are not bound by prosecutors' submissions".

"In particular, they are not bound by any maximum sentence recommendation a prosecutor may make and they can certainly impose a sentence of greater severity than the prosecution seeks," he said.

Criminology Professor Adrianus Meliala, from the University of Indonesia in Jakarta, said there could be no binding agreement on an Indonesian judge.

"We are still waiting for the prosecutor to bring the case to the court," Professor Meliala said.

"It is very much uncertain whether Jessica will be or won't be facing the death sentence."

He said the death penalty was unlikely in this case, but could not be ruled out.

In response to the ABC's questions a spokesperson for Justice Minister Keenan said: "The Indonesian Government has given an assurance to the Australian Government in writing that the death penalty will not be sought nor carried out in relation to the alleged offending."

Mr Keenan's office said it would not release the written assurance to the ABC.

Source: abc.net.au, May 31, 2016

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