Iran: Annual report on the death penalty 2017

IRAN HUMAN RIGHTS (MARCH 13, 2018): The 10th annual report on the death penalty in Iran by Iran Human Rights (IHR) and ECPM shows that in 2017 at least 517 people were executed in the Islamic Republic of Iran. 
This number is comparable with the execution figures in 2016 and confirms the relative reduction in the use of the death penalty compared to the period between 2010 and 2015. 
Nevertheless, with an average of more than one execution every day and more than one execution per one million inhabitants in 2017, Iran remained the country with the highest number of executions per capita.
2017 Annual Report at a Glance:
At least 517 people were executed in 2017, an average of more than one execution per day111 executions (21%) were announced by official sources.Approximately 79% of all executions included in the 2017 report, i.e. 406 executions, were not announced by the authorities.At least 240 people (46% of all executions) were executed for murder charges - 98 more than in 2016.At le…

Australian charged with cyanide-coffee killing not exempt from death penalty, Indonesian court says

Jessica Wongso
Jessica Wongso
There is no agreement preventing Australian resident Jessica Wongso from facing the death penalty, an Indonesian court has said.

That is despite Justice Minister Michael saying he approved the Australian Federal Police's assistance in the high-profile Jakarta murder case because he was promised the death penalty would not apply.

Wongso will shortly face trial accused of poisoning her 27-year-old friend Mirna Salihin in a Jakarta cafe.

Ms Salihin died in January shortly after drinking a coffee that police said was laced with cyanide.

Murder is a capital crime in Indonesia and a judge with the Central Jakarta District Court says there is no binding agreement to prevent a death sentence from being handed down.

District Court Judge and spokesman for the Central Jakarta District Court Jamaluddin Samosir told the ABC the Indonesian justice system "does not recognise that kind of deal".

"No such deal is possible in our system," Judge Jamaluddin said.

The Central Jakarta District Court will hear Wongso's trial after prosecutors said last week the case would proceed.

Judge Jamaluddin added: "The judges can decide any penalty they want. We are independent, there can be no intervention."

Prosecutors can recommend a penalty — but it is no guarantee of what is actually handed down.

The Jakarta Prosecutor's office also indicated to the ABC there was no binding agreement.

In a statement, the office said: "The one who decides and tries [the case] is the judge. All depends on the facts in the trial."

Professor Tim Lindsey, from the Centre for Indonesian Law, Islam and Society at the University of Melbourne Law School, said "the judges in Indonesian courts are not bound by prosecutors' submissions".

"In particular, they are not bound by any maximum sentence recommendation a prosecutor may make and they can certainly impose a sentence of greater severity than the prosecution seeks," he said.

Criminology Professor Adrianus Meliala, from the University of Indonesia in Jakarta, said there could be no binding agreement on an Indonesian judge.

"We are still waiting for the prosecutor to bring the case to the court," Professor Meliala said.

"It is very much uncertain whether Jessica will be or won't be facing the death sentence."

He said the death penalty was unlikely in this case, but could not be ruled out.

In response to the ABC's questions a spokesperson for Justice Minister Keenan said: "The Indonesian Government has given an assurance to the Australian Government in writing that the death penalty will not be sought nor carried out in relation to the alleged offending."

Mr Keenan's office said it would not release the written assurance to the ABC.

Source: abc.net.au, May 31, 2016

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