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Iran | Death Penalty According to Shariah Law

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Chapter III of the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran contains provisions related to the rights of the people.  In this Chapter, Article 22 states: “The dignity, life, property, rights, domicile, and occupations of people may not be violated, unless sanctioned by law.” However, the number of crimes punishable by death in Iran is among the highest in the world. Charges such as “adultery, incest, rape, sodomy, insulting the Prophet Mohammad and other great Prophets, possessing or selling illicit drugs, theft and alcohol consumption for the 4th time, premeditated murder, moharebeh (waging war against God), efsad-fil-arz (corruption on earth), baghy (armed rebellion), fraud and human trafficking” are capital offences.[1] Many of the charges punishable by death cannot be considered as “most serious crimes” and do not meet the ICCPR standards.[2] Murder, drug possession and trafficking, rape/sexual assault, moharebeh and efsad-fil-arz and baghy are the most common charges resulting

Malaysia: 2 Iranian women on death row to face 'due process'

The government's insistence that 2 Iranian women sentenced to death for drug trafficking must face due process could anger Tehran.

Malaysia insisted Wednesday 2 Iranian women sentenced to death for drug trafficking must face "due process" despite a warning from Tehran that their executions would harm bilateral relations.

Shahrzad Mansour, 31, and Neda Mostafaei, 26, were sentenced to death in September for smuggling methamphetamine into Malaysia in December 2010. Defence lawyers are appealing the case.

The 2 Muslim nations both use the death penalty against drug traffickers.

But Iran's foreign ministry warned last week that executing the women would have a "negative effect" on bilateral ties, and called for them to be spared.

In a statement sent to AFP, Malaysia's Foreign Ministry said that while it valued relations with Iran it could not tolerate "illegal activities, which are detrimental to Malaysia's image and security".

"Any infringement of the laws, whether committed by foreigners or Malaysian citizens, will be dealt with in accordance with Malaysian laws," it said.

"Malaysia assures Iran of the independence of the judiciary system ... It is in this context that we hope for Iran to understand that any decision of our courts is carried out in accordance to the due processes of law," it added.

More than 200 Iranians are jailed in Malaysia, mostly for drug-related offenses, the statement said.

About 1/2 of the 200 have been convicted, with 70 either serving a life sentence or on death row, it added.

The 2 women were arrested on arrival at Kuala Lumpur International Airport.

The court was told that drug traffickers had promised them a free trip to Malaysia in exchange for transporting "food items" that were filled with methamphetamine without their knowledge.

The Malaysian judge in the case dismissed that defense as a "fairy tale".

Though hundreds of people are on death row in Malaysia, the country has carried out few executions in recent years.

Iran has one of the world's highest execution rates, with more than 500 cases last year and almost the same number so far this year, according to human rights watchdogs.

Malaysia is a predominantly Sunni Muslim country while Iran is predominantly Shia.

Source: Agence France-Presse, October 30, 2013

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