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Iran | Death Penalty According to Shariah Law

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Chapter III of the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran contains provisions related to the rights of the people.  In this Chapter, Article 22 states: “The dignity, life, property, rights, domicile, and occupations of people may not be violated, unless sanctioned by law.” However, the number of crimes punishable by death in Iran is among the highest in the world. Charges such as “adultery, incest, rape, sodomy, insulting the Prophet Mohammad and other great Prophets, possessing or selling illicit drugs, theft and alcohol consumption for the 4th time, premeditated murder, moharebeh (waging war against God), efsad-fil-arz (corruption on earth), baghy (armed rebellion), fraud and human trafficking” are capital offences.[1] Many of the charges punishable by death cannot be considered as “most serious crimes” and do not meet the ICCPR standards.[2] Murder, drug possession and trafficking, rape/sexual assault, moharebeh and efsad-fil-arz and baghy are the most common charges resulting

Texas executes Bobby Lee Hines

Bobby Lee Hines
HUNTSVILLE, Texas (AP) — Convicted killer Bobby Lee Hines was executed in Texas death chamber Wednesday for strangling and repeatedly stabbing a suburban Dallas woman at her apartment 21 years ago.

Hines, 40, was 19 and on probation for burglary when prosecutors say he stabbed 26-year-old Michelle Wendy Haupt 18 times and strangled her with a stereo's electrical cord. Haupt had moved from the Pittsburgh area to Carrollton to work at a computer company in nearby Dallas, and Hines was staying next door at the home of a maintenance man for her apartment complex.

Hines was tried and convicted in March 1992, five months after the crime.

He initially was scheduled to die in 2003, but his execution was delayed for eight years until the courts resolved claims that he was mentally impaired and thus, ineligible for capital punishment. He was scheduled to die in May and the U.S. Supreme Court refused to review his case, but the Dallas County district attorney's office again delayed the execution so that new DNA testing could be conducted. When those tests confirmed Hines' guilt, the punishment was reset for Wednesday.

Relatives and friends of Hines filed a federal civil rights lawsuit Tuesday against the Texas Department of Criminal Justice, top agency officials and prison wardens and "all persons involved" in Hines' execution, contending their rights had been violated because Hines had been on death row more than two decades and that his lawyers had misled him and them. A federal judge in Houston dismissed the suit Wednesday.

Last week, the Texas Court of Criminal Appeals rejected an appeal from Hines, whose lawyer argued Hines' trial attorneys and attorneys early in his appeals failed to investigate and show how Hines had been abused by his father.

"Other death row inmates with substantially similar claims to Bobby's recently have had their executions stayed," appeals lawyer Lydia Brandt said. "Yet, Bobby faces execution because his former attorneys defaulted his rights to review. Bobby's situation reflects the gross injustice of the death penalty as applied in Texas."

"I'll be praying for Bobby," said William Hughey, now a state district judge in East Texas who was one of Hines' trial lawyers. "Even though I guess we get the rap nationally for the number of executions we have, I do believe our judicial system probably affords the broadest appellate base of any of the jurisdictions."

He recalled Hines, who declined to speak with reporters as his punishment neared, as a case "where it was clear his childhood had significant impact as to who he was and how he ended up."

Hines first was arrested at age 12 for auto theft and had other arrests for assault and burglary. He was on 10 years' probation when the slaying occurred.

Hine's execution was the 11th this year in Texas.

Source: AP, October 24, 2012

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