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Iran | Death Penalty According to Shariah Law

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Chapter III of the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran contains provisions related to the rights of the people.  In this Chapter, Article 22 states: “The dignity, life, property, rights, domicile, and occupations of people may not be violated, unless sanctioned by law.” However, the number of crimes punishable by death in Iran is among the highest in the world. Charges such as “adultery, incest, rape, sodomy, insulting the Prophet Mohammad and other great Prophets, possessing or selling illicit drugs, theft and alcohol consumption for the 4th time, premeditated murder, moharebeh (waging war against God), efsad-fil-arz (corruption on earth), baghy (armed rebellion), fraud and human trafficking” are capital offences.[1] Many of the charges punishable by death cannot be considered as “most serious crimes” and do not meet the ICCPR standards.[2] Murder, drug possession and trafficking, rape/sexual assault, moharebeh and efsad-fil-arz and baghy are the most common charges resulting

Former LA prosecutor backs ending CA death penalty

San Quentin's new
execution chamber
SACRAMENTO, Calif. -- A former Los Angeles County district attorney joined an effort to end California's death penalty Monday, backing an initiative proposed for the November 2012 ballot that would replace capital punishment with life prison terms.

"The death penalty in California is broken and it is unfixable," Gil Garcetti said at a news conference held to release details of the proposed ballot measure. "It is more likely that the convicted murderer will die in prison before execution is imposed."

A recent study estimated the state spends $184 million annually on death penalty cases and incarceration above what it would cost to convert the terms to life behind bars. The former prosecutor said the ballot measure would devote $100 million over three years to law enforcement from money the state could save by ending capital punishment.

The ballot measure would also require murderers to work in prison, with their earnings going into a victim compensation fund, said Jeanne Woodford, a former San Quentin State Prison warden.

Woodford, also a former California corrections secretary, now is executive director of Death Penalty Focus, which works to eliminate executions.

Garcetti is one of 104 law enforcement officials who signed a support letter after lawmakers last week shelved a bill by Sen. Loni Hancock, D-Berkeley, that would have put a similar initiative on next year's ballot. Hancock's bill failed to get enough votes to clear the Assembly Appropriations Committee.

Garcetti served two terms as top prosecutor in the state's most populous county before he was defeated in 2000.

Opponents say California's capital punishment system should be maintained but can be made more efficient and less costly.

Proponents must get approval from the attorney general and secretary of state before they can begin gathering signatures.

Campaign consultant Steve Smith said organizers began soliciting financial support only last week, after Hancock's bill was shelved. He said he is confident proponents can raise the $1.5 million or so they would need to get enough signatures to put the measure on the ballot.

Source: The Sacramento Bee, August 29, 2011

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