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Why Texas’ ‘death penalty capital of the world’ stopped executing people

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Since the Supreme Court legalized capital punishment in 1976, Harris County, Texas, has executed 126 people. That's more executions than every individual state in the union, barring Texas itself.
Harris County's executions account for 23 percent of the 545 people Texas has executed. On the national level, the state alone is responsible for more than a third of the 1,465 people put to death in the United States since 1976.
In 2017, however, the county known as the "death penalty capital of the world" and the "buckle of the American death belt" executed and sentenced to death a remarkable number of people: zero.
This is the first time since 1985 that Harris County did not execute any of its death row inmates, and the third year in a row it did not sentence anyone to capital punishment either.
The remarkable statistic reflects a shift the nation is seeing as a whole.
“The practices that the Harris County District Attorney’s Office is following are also signifi…

No hangman for Zimbabwe: Recruitment blocked

Alfred Mashamba
Alfred Mashamba
Dozens of job desperate seekers have applied for the vacant post of Zimbabwe’s hangman, but the country’s vice-president has blocked the recruitment process because he narrowly escaped the hangman’s noose as a teenager during the liberation struggle in the 1960s.

Virginia Mabhiza, a permanent secretary in the Ministry of Justice, says the post, which fell vacant more than 10 years ago, has not been filled since Vice-President Emmerson Mnangagwa, who doubles as Justice minister, is strongly opposed to the death penalty.

The vice-president’s refusal to appoint a hangman is stoking controversy in a country whose constitution still upholds capital punishment. More than 70 convicts are currently on death row.

Mabhiza says more than five aspiring hangmen have applied for the job since 2013. Previous reports show that more than 20 men have eyed the post – no females have sought the unusual job.

“The hangman’s post is yet to be filled and we continue to receive applications. The constitution still allows the death penalty,” Mabhiza said.

Last year, there were reports that a “suitable candidate” had been found for the post of hangman. It now emerges that the vice-president is blocking the appointment.

One of the men vying for the job is Alfred Mashamba, a bearded 47-year-old who says he is growing increasingly impatient over delays in recruiting a hangman.

“I guarantee, I will diligently execute my duties,” Mashamba has vowed. “If you have lost someone dear to you because of murder, someone who the whole family looked up to, then you will understand my decision,” Mashamba adds.

Mashamba says when he was a young boy, his father was forced to quit his job and look after his ailing mother. An uncle then took over the responsibility of fending for the extended family. Tragically, the uncle was murdered and the killers were never found.

Before the family had found closure on the uncle’s murder, another killing rocked the clan. “Last year, my niece was raped and murdered after she had gone to sell fresh milk to fend for her family,” Mashamba said.

Officials would not reveal to African Independent whether Mashamba is one of the frontrunners for the job. Jobs are difficult to find in Zimbabwe, where the International Labour Organisation estimates the rate of formal unemployment at 95 percent.

Mnangagwa (70), one of the senior Zanu-PF securocrats accused of spearheading the 1980s genocide which claimed the lives of 20 000 civilians from the minority Ndebele tribe, is considered a leading contender in the race to succeed President Robert Mugabe.

During his early days as a political activist against the colonial regime in the 1960s he was sentenced to death for participating in the bombing of a Rhodesian train. He was spared the noose after arguing that he was only 17 years old. Instead of going to the gallows, he served 10 years in prison for sabotage. He has vowed to resist any attempt to hang condemned killers.

Source: African Independent, Brezhnev Malaba, July 24, 2017

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