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No Second Chances: What to Do After a Botched Execution

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Ohio tried and failed to execute Alva Campbell. The state shouldn't get a second chance.
The pathos and problems of America's death penalty were vividly on display yesterday when Ohio tried and failed to execute Alva Campbell. Immediately after its failure Gov. John Kasich set June 5, 2019, as a new execution date.
This plan for a second execution reveals a glaring inadequacy in the legal standards governing botched executions in the United States.
Campbell was tried and sentenced to die for murdering 18-year-old Charles Dials during a carjacking in 1997. After Campbell exhausted his legal appeals, he was denied clemency by the state parole board and the governor.
By the time the state got around to executing Campbell, he was far from the dangerous criminal of 20 years ago. As is the case with many of America's death-row inmates, the passage of time had inflicted its own punishments.
The inmate Ohio strapped onto the gurney was a 69-year-old man afflicted with serious ailm…

Federal appeals court reverses Ohio's execution delay

Ohio's death chamber
Ohio's death chamber
The US Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit [official website] on Wednesday reversed [opinion, PDF] a previous ruling that Ohio's execution protocol was unconstitutional. 

The prior ruling [JURIST report] had put further executions on hiatus.

The question [AP report] was whether one of the three drugs used in the lethal injection process was sufficient to cause the inmates to lose consciousness before they are able to feel the effects of the other two drugs which stop their hearts. 

The eight judges of the majority wrote that the lower court had not used the Supreme Court's standard that "'the method [of execution] presents a risk that is sure or very likely to cause' serious pain and 'needless suffering[.]'" The majority believed that the executions carried out in Ohio did not meet this standard. Six judges dissented and agreed with the lower court that the executions should be postponed until a better method was found. 

Ohio may now move forward with the executions, but the defense attorney says that he is planning to appeal to the Supreme Court.

The death penalty has been a pressing issue across the country. Last week a federal judge ordered [JURIST report] major changes to Arizona death penalty procedures due to prisoner complaints. 

Also this month the US Supreme Court ruled [JURIST report] that psychiatric assistance must be provided for indigent defendants sentenced to the death penalty. 

In May the Delaware House of Representatives passed a bill [JURIST report] that would reinstate the death penalty. 

In March Florida governor signed a new bill [JURIST report] declaring that the death penalty may only be imposed by a judge upon unanimous recommendation from the jury. 

In January the US Supreme Court refused [JURIST report] to consider a challenge to Alabama's death penalty system.

Source: JURIST, Elizabeth Lowman, JUne 30, 2017
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