Will the Supreme Court Kill The Death Penalty This Term?

Will the U.S. Supreme Court add the fate of the death penalty to a term already fraught with hot-button issues like partisan gerrymandering, warrantless surveillance, and a host of contentious First Amendment disputes?
That’s the hope of an ambitious Supreme Court petition seeking to abolish the ultimate punishment. But it runs headlong into the fact that only two justices have squarely called for a reexamination of the death penalty’s constitutionality.
Abel Hidalgo challenges Arizona’s capital punishment system—which sweeps too broadly, he says, because the state’s “aggravating factors” make 99 percent of first-degree murderers death-eligible—as well as the death penalty itself, arguing it’s cruel and unusual punishment.
He’s represented by former acting U.S. Solicitor General Neal Katyal—among the most successful Supreme Court practitioners last term. Hidalgo also has the support of several outside groups who filed amicus briefs on his behalf, notably one from a group including Ari…

South Korean presidential candidate Hong Joon-pyo says he will execute criminals on death row

Seoul, South Korea
Hong says will execute criminals on death row

South Korean presidential candidate Hong Joon-pyo of the conservative Liberty Korea Party said he would revive capital punishment if elected, saying criminals are "going on the rampage."

"Because we no longer carry out death penalty, high-profile murder cases continue, such as the ones involving (serial killers) Yoo Young-chul and Kang Ho-soon," Hong said on campaign trail in Gangnam-gu, Seoul on Sunday.

Although death sentence continues to be handed down by court, South Korea has not executed criminals since 1997. 

It is categorized by global rights watchdog Amnesty International as a country that has "virtually abolished" capital punishment.

Nicknamed "Hong Trump" for his controversial remarks and ultra-conservative vision, the candidate is enjoying growing popularity, with polls putting him at 3rd place with support of around 15 %.

The former state prosecutor and conservative party leader demanded the authorities send jailed former president Park Geun-hye to the hospital, saying she is "said to be in very poor condition" in a detention center.

The former conservative president has been taken into custody since March 31 over a corruption scandal that brought an abrupt end to her 5-year presidential term.

Hong's party was formerly known as the Saenuri Party, founded and named by Park, but rebranded as the Liberty Korea Party since Park's impeachment.

Source: The Korea Herald, May 1, 2017

Will next president re-implement death penalty?

The death penalty reemerged as a hot political issue in Tuesday's presidential TV debate after being shunned by the courts for the past 20 years.

Conservative Liberty Korea Party candidate Hong Joon-pyo asked Democratic Party of Korea's Moon Jae-in in the debate on JTBC whether it is legal.

"It is not a matter of being legal or illegal," Moon said. "Although the Constitutional Court ruled the system legal, I personally think it should be abolished. Korea has not enforced the system for the past 20 years, making it practically dead in this country."

Hong replied: "We have not abolished it. We simply did not execute it. The system's absence has fanned criminals like serial killers, making them rampage."

Moon did not back away, calling the death penalty "ineffective" for reining in criminals. "The whole world knows about the system's ineffectiveness," Moon said.

A Hankook Ilbo-Korea Times survey following the debate showed Moon leading the presidential race with over 40 % support.

The death penalty was last carried out on Dec. 30, 1997, under the Kim Young-sam administration, when 23 prisoners were executed. The next president, Kim Dae-joong, did not support the system and never saw prisoners on death row. Following administrations have also kept their distance.

The 1st execution was in 1949 for murder, while over 1,300 people are estimated to have been on death row in Korea. 61 people had a death sentence hanging over them as of February last year.

Non-government organization Amnesty International regards any nation that has not "pushed the button" for 10 years or longer to have abolished the death penalty. It estimates that as of this year, 104 countries have scrapped capital punishment.

Source: The Korea Times, April 27, 2017

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