FEATURED POST

Capital Punishment in the United States Explained

Image
In our Explainer series, Fair Punishment Project lawyers help unpackage some of the most complicated issues in the criminal justice system. We break down the problems behind the headlines - like bail, civil asset forfeiture, or the Brady doctrine - so that everyone can understand them. Wherever possible, we try to utilize the stories of those affected by the criminal justice system to show how these laws and principles should work, and how they often fail. We will update our Explainers monthly to keep them current. Read our updated explainer here.
To beat the clock on the expiration of its lethal injection drug supply, this past April, Arkansas tried to execute 8 men over 1 days. The stories told in frantic legal filings and clemency petitions revealed a deeply disturbing picture. Ledell Lee may have had an intellectual disability that rendered him constitutionally ineligible for the death penalty, but he had a spate of bad lawyers who failed to timely present evidence of this claim -…

International court halts Pakistan execution of Indian convicted of spying

New Delhi (CNN) -- The International Court of Justice (ICJ) has ordered Pakistan not to carry out the execution of an Indian man convicted of spying while his case is being considered.

Kulbushan Jadhav was arrested in March 2016 "for his involvement in espionage and sabotage activities against Pakistan," and sentenced to death last month.

On May 8, India initiated proceedings at the Hague against its regional rival, accusing Islamabad of "egregious violations of the Vienna Convention on Consular Relations" in the sentencing of Jadhav, according to a statement released by the ICJ.

India requested the ICJ order Pakistan not to execute Jadhav until the court can issue a judgment based on India's claims.

The ICJ is the principle judicial arm of the United Nations and settles disputes between member states in accordance with international law.

'Premeditated murder'


India alleges Jadhav was "kidnapped" from Iran where he was on business after retiring from the Indian Navy. He was arrested by Pakistani authorities in Baluchistan on March 3 last year.

Indian authorities say they learned of his arrest through a press release nearly three weeks later and were refused consular access multiple times, in violation of the Vienna Convention.

A military court charged Jadhav on April 11 under the Pakistan Army Act 1952 and the Official Secrets Act 1923, both of which provide for the death penalty.

India described the sentencing as an act of "brazen defiance" of the Vienna Convention and warned executing Jadhav would be an act of "premeditated murder."

In a statement, Amnesty International said military courts, which were used in Jadhav's case, have been linked to coerced confessions and unfair trials.

International law


As UN member states, India and Pakistan are both de facto members of the ICJ. Both are also signatories to the Vienna Convention's rules regarding settlement of disputes.

Under the protocols, all disputes arising out of the interpretation or application of the Convention -- which governs diplomatic relations between states -- come under the "compulsory jurisdiction" of the ICJ.

According to the ICJ, any signatory state "undertakes to comply with any decision of the Court in a case to which it is a party." Decisions by the court are binding and noncompliance is very rare.

In its petition to the court, India requested that Pakistan's sentencing of Jadhav be declared illegal and Islamabad directed to "release the convicted Indian national" in the event Pakistan does not annul its domestic judgment in the wake of the ICJ's ruling.

Sartaj Aziz, foreign affairs adviser to Pakistan's Prime Minister, said the government was "examining this issue."

On Twitter, Pakistan Defense Minister Khawaja Asif said India's letter to the ICJ was an "attempt to divert attention (from) state sponsored terrorism" in Pakistan.

Jadhav had been "convicted of offenses against (national) security," Asif said.

History of spying


Espionage has long been a fraught subject between Pakistan and India.

In 2013, Sarabjit Singh, an Indian man sentenced to death for spying, died after being attacked by fellow inmates in a Pakistan jail.

More than 40 alleged Pakistani spies have been arrested in India since 2013, according to the government.

India does impose the death penalty but has only carried out three executions since 2007, according to a recent report by Amnesty International on the global death penalty.

Meanwhile, Pakistan, which executed 87 people last year, is the world's fifth biggest executioner.

Source: CNN, Manveena Suri, May 10, 2017

⚑ | Report an error, an omission, a typo; suggest a story or a new angle to an existing story; submit a piece, a comment; recommend a resource; contact the webmaster, contact us: deathpenaltynews@gmail.com.


Opposed to Capital Punishment? Help us keep this blog up and running! DONATE!

Comments

Most Viewed (Last 30 Days)

Harris County leads Texas in life without parole sentences as death penalty recedes

Idaho County commissioners take stand against death penalty

Indonesian death penalty laws to be softened to allow reformed prisoners to avoid execution

Texas executes Anthony Allen Shore

USA: Executions, Death Sentences Up Slightly in 2017

Texas executes Dale Devon Scheanette

Death penalty cases of 2017 featured botched executions, claims of innocence, 'flawed' evidence

California: Death penalty sought against Redwood City man accused of sexually assaulting, killing infant

Virginia Governor commutes death sentence of killer found mentally incompetent to be executed

Texas man with scheduled execution uses letters from fellow death row inmates to argue for reprieve