Iran: Annual report on the death penalty 2017

IRAN HUMAN RIGHTS (MARCH 13, 2018): The 10th annual report on the death penalty in Iran by Iran Human Rights (IHR) and ECPM shows that in 2017 at least 517 people were executed in the Islamic Republic of Iran. 
This number is comparable with the execution figures in 2016 and confirms the relative reduction in the use of the death penalty compared to the period between 2010 and 2015. 
Nevertheless, with an average of more than one execution every day and more than one execution per one million inhabitants in 2017, Iran remained the country with the highest number of executions per capita.
2017 Annual Report at a Glance:
At least 517 people were executed in 2017, an average of more than one execution per day111 executions (21%) were announced by official sources.Approximately 79% of all executions included in the 2017 report, i.e. 406 executions, were not announced by the authorities.At least 240 people (46% of all executions) were executed for murder charges - 98 more than in 2016.At le…

Amnesty International: 'Yes' vote on death penalty will shame Philippines

The House of Representatives
The House of Representatives
Members of the House of Representatives should reflect before voting on the reimplementation of the death penalty, Amnesty International Philippines said Thursday, adding a 'yes' vote would bring shame to the Philippines.

"Amnesty International maintains that instead of pushing the death penalty as a solution to criminality, the government should ensure a determined institutional reform as a means to confront crime while upholding justice and human rights in the country," lawyer Romeo Cabarde Jr., Amnesty International Philippines vice chairperson, said in a statement.

He said the group, which has been attending House plenary debates on the measure, is dismayed that members of the House supermajority seemingly refused to hear arguments against the death penalty.

The House of Representatives approved the measure to reimpose the death penalty for drug offenses on second reading Tuesday night.

A 3rd reading is scheduled on Monday, March 6.

Even if passed on 3rd and final reading, the proposal will still need the Senate to pass a counterpart bill. Once passed and consolidated by a bicameral conference committee, the bill will be sent to Malacanang for the president's signature.

Cabarde said that reinstating the death penalty undermines the government's to respect, protect, and uphold human rights.

"A 'yes' vote to reinstate the death penalty is a shame and an affront to the country's history as a strong nation leading the human rights discourse in Asia," Cabarde said.

Wilnor Papa, AI Campaigns Coordinator for the Philippines, said in an interview that rights advocates are dismayed and saddened that the proponents of the death penalty seemed to be rushing the bill.

He added that it is clear that the lawmakers ignored the strong arguments against the bill since they are pushing for retribution through killing.

House Speaker Pantaleon Alvarez said in July 2016 that the reimposition of death penalty and a shift to federalism would be the House's priority measures.

Alvarez and Oriental Mindoro Rep. Reynaldo Umali, chair of the House Justice committee, have argued that the death penalty would be preferable to extrajudicial killings.

Rights groups, including the Commission on Human Rights, have been vocal about their opposition to the death penalty, which they say is a kind of cruel and unusual punishment prohibited by the 1987 Constitution.

They also say a return to the death penalty would violate international agreements that the Philippines is party to and is not an effective deterrent to crime anyway.

"The failure of the death penalty as a crime deterrent is globally recognized and the government should maintain the prohibition on its use,"Phelim Kine, deputy Asia director for Human Rights Watch said in December.

Source: philstar.com, March 3, 2017

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