Iran: Annual report on the death penalty 2017

IRAN HUMAN RIGHTS (MARCH 13, 2018): The 10th annual report on the death penalty in Iran by Iran Human Rights (IHR) and ECPM shows that in 2017 at least 517 people were executed in the Islamic Republic of Iran. 
This number is comparable with the execution figures in 2016 and confirms the relative reduction in the use of the death penalty compared to the period between 2010 and 2015. 
Nevertheless, with an average of more than one execution every day and more than one execution per one million inhabitants in 2017, Iran remained the country with the highest number of executions per capita.
2017 Annual Report at a Glance:
At least 517 people were executed in 2017, an average of more than one execution per day111 executions (21%) were announced by official sources.Approximately 79% of all executions included in the 2017 report, i.e. 406 executions, were not announced by the authorities.At least 240 people (46% of all executions) were executed for murder charges - 98 more than in 2016.At le…

Florida’s Top Court Rules Unanimous Jury Needed for Death Penalty

Florida's death chamber
Florida's death chamber
Florida’s top court struck down part of the state’s capital-punishment law by ruling that only a unanimous jury may recommend a death sentence, bringing the state in line with most of the country.

Dozens of the state’s death row inmates may be eligible for resentencing under the new requirement, legal experts said.

“This requirement will dispel most, if not all, doubts about the future validity and long-term viability of the death penalty in Florida,” the Florida Supreme Court wrote in one of two 5-2 rulings issued Friday.

The two rulings, both unsigned, amounted to the second overhaul of the state’s death-penalty regime this year. Until recently, judges in Florida weren’t bound by jury recommendations in death-penalty cases, and recommendations needed not be unanimous.

The U.S. Supreme Court ruled in January that Florida’s death-penalty law violated the Sixth Amendment right to a trial by jury, because it allowed judges to find facts in support of death sentences, independent of a jury.

The Florida legislature updated its death-penalty law soon after the ruling, prohibiting judges from overriding jury recommendations. But the law allowed a jury to recommend a death sentence with the vote of 10 of its 12 members.

The Florida Supreme Court on ruled on Friday that a jury “must unanimously recommend a sentence of death” in light of the right to a trial by jury.

An inmate, Larry D. Perry, who is charged with killing his infant son, challenged the law after the state said it would seek the death penalty. J. Edwin Mills, a lawyer for Mr. Perry, said that, while he supports the death penalty, “I feel very strongly it has to pass constitutional muster.”

Whitney Ray, a spokeswoman for Florida Attorney General Pam Bondi, said the office was reviewing the ruling.

“But in the meantime Florida juries must make unanimous decisions in capital cases as to the appropriateness of the death penalty,” she said in an email.

In a second case, the Florida Supreme Court ordered a new sentencing for Timothy Lee Hurst, who was convicted of murdering a Popeye’s restaurant co-worker, Cynthia Harrison, during a 1998 robbery, stabbing her more than 60 times.

A jury recommended a death sentence for Mr. Hurst by a vote of seven to five. The judge who sentenced him to die cited Mr. Hurst’s involvement in a robbery at the time of the killing as a strong factor in support of capital punishment, even though Mr. Hurst had not been charged or convicted of robbery.

The U.S. Supreme Court ruling in January came in Mr. Hurst’s case.

Mr. Hurst will face execution only if a jury unanimously recommends it based on “aggravating factors” proven beyond a reasonable doubt, the Florida Supreme Court held on Friday.

The same goes for the nearly 400 other death row inmates in the state. Eric M. Freedman, a law professor at ​Hofstra University, said​most existing death sentences are now invalid. ​

“Except in a few outlier cases, the state is going to have to conduct new sentencing hearings before executing anyone,” he said. ​

The most recent execution was in January, days before the U.S. Supreme Court’s ruling in Mr. Hurst’s case.

Alabama is now the only state where judges can impose death sentences absent a unanimous jury finding in favor. In August, Delaware’s high court struck down a state law similar to Florida’s.

Source: The Wall Street Journal, Joe Palazzolo, October 14, 2016

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