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The Aum Shinrikyo Executions: Why Now?

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With the execution of Aum Shinrikyo leader and six of his followers, Japan looks to leave behind an era of tragedy. 
On July 6, 2018, Japanese authorities executed seven members of the religious movement Aum Shinrikyo (Aum true religion, or supreme truth), which carried out the 1995 Tokyo subway sarin attack and a series of other atrocities. None of the seven of the executed men were directly involved in releasing the gas on that tragic day; four of those who did remain under a death sentence, and their executions may be imminent.
The seven executed were involved in planning and organizing the various crimes committed by Aum. Asahara Shoko (born Matsumoto Chizuo), was the founder and leader of the movement, having developed the doctrinal system instrumental to Aum’s violence and its concept of a final cosmic war of good (Aum) against evil (the corrupt material world and everyone — from the Japanese government to the general public — who lived in it). Asahara is believed to have given …

Pakistan Supreme Court to hear death penalty case of mentally ill man

 Pakistan Supreme Court to hear death penalty case of mentally ill man
Pakistan’s Supreme Court will tomorrow (Tuesday) hear a plea from death row prisoner Imdad Ali, a severely mentally ill man who narrowly avoided execution last week. The hearing comes as Amnesty International raised concerns that Mr Ali never received a fair trial.

The Supreme Court session tomorrow will be the first time that judges have seen crucial medical evidence in his case, including a prison report by a doctor who diagnosed Mr Ali with paranoid schizophrenia and described him as “insane”. Mentally ill inmates in Pakistan should not be executed under domestic and international law.

Prison medical records also show that Mr Ali has been prescribed strong anti-psychotic medication, another sign that the authorities regard him as mentally ill. However, this evidence of mental illness appears not to have been included in Mr Ali’s 2015 appeal, resulting in a serious miscarriage of justice.

On Monday last week, the Court issued a week-long stay of execution just hours before Mr Ali was scheduled for the gallows and amid growing calls from his family and community for a reprieve.

Mr Ali’s lawyers have sent a mercy petition to Pakistan’s President with testimony from medical experts. The mercy petition provides an array of medical evidence for the President to consider, such as a statement from psychiatric consultant Dr Feroze Khan, who examined Mr Ali’s mental health and recommended that he be transferred to a mental health facility for active psychiatric treatment.

A statement issued by 14 of Pakistan’s leading psychiatrists also warns that executing Mr Ali would run contrary to Pakistani law. The experts, including Malik Hussain Mubbasshar, Professor Emeritus at Lahore’s University of Health Sciences, said that: “[The] Law does not allow such execution of prisoners suffering from this nature of mental disorder in which the prisoner is having a psychotic illness and is unable to know why is he being executed and what will be the consequence of this punishment.”

Mr Ali comes from an extremely poor family. His family began to notice signs of mental illness as long ago as 1998 – but they could not afford to pay for private medical assessments, which could have identified his mental illness, and possible treatments, earlier. Following his initial detention, his mental illness has been exacerbated by 14 years in overcrowded prison cells and lengthy periods of solitary confinement.

Maya Foa, director of Reprieve’s death penalty team, said:

“Imdad’s life hangs in the balance at the Supreme Court hearing tomorrow. There is overwhelming medical evidence that Imdad is mentally ill and should not be executed. The Supreme court must now urgently consider the evidence and grant mercy to Imdad – or else risk a miscarriage of justice that can never be reversed”.

More information about Imdad Ali is available at the Reprieve website, here.

Source: Reprieve, September 26, 2016. Reprieve is an international human rights organization. Reprieve’s London office can be contacted on: communications@reprieve.org.uk. Reprieve US, based in New York City, can be contacted on Katherine.oshea@reprieve.org

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