Iran: Annual report on the death penalty 2017

IRAN HUMAN RIGHTS (MARCH 13, 2018): The 10th annual report on the death penalty in Iran by Iran Human Rights (IHR) and ECPM shows that in 2017 at least 517 people were executed in the Islamic Republic of Iran. 
This number is comparable with the execution figures in 2016 and confirms the relative reduction in the use of the death penalty compared to the period between 2010 and 2015. 
Nevertheless, with an average of more than one execution every day and more than one execution per one million inhabitants in 2017, Iran remained the country with the highest number of executions per capita.
2017 Annual Report at a Glance:
At least 517 people were executed in 2017, an average of more than one execution per day111 executions (21%) were announced by official sources.Approximately 79% of all executions included in the 2017 report, i.e. 406 executions, were not announced by the authorities.At least 240 people (46% of all executions) were executed for murder charges - 98 more than in 2016.At le…

Pakistan says it ‘may limit’ death penalty, amid fears for mentally ill prisoner

Pakistan says it is seeking ways to limit the scope of the death penalty, amid fears for a mentally ill prisoner who faces hanging as early as next week.

Speaking on Monday at an event at the UN Human Rights Council in Geneva, the first secretary of Pakistan’s Permanent Mission to the UN said the government was examining the country’s penal code to determine whether the death penalty could be “narrowed”, saying: “We are looking at the option of enhancing the duration of life sentence instead of awarding death sentences.” She added: “Pakistan remains fully committed to promoting and protecting the human rights of all our citizens.”

Pakistan has executed some 419 people since the lifting of a moratorium on the death penalty in December 2014, making it one of the world’s most prolific executing states. Research last year by Reuters and human rights organization Reprieve found that – despite a claim by the Pakistani government to be targeting ‘terrorists’ – fewer than one in six of those prisoners who had been hanged could be linked to militancy.

Among those currently facing execution is Imdad Ali, a former electrician who is severely mentally ill. Yesterday, Pakistan’s Supreme Court dismissed an appeal by Mr Ali to stop his hanging, which had been scheduled to take place last week. Ruling that Imdad’s execution could go ahead, the Court said that a large proportion of prisoners in Pakistan suffer from mental illness and that they “cannot let everyone go.” He could now be hanged as early as next week, despite a prison medical report from earlier this month describing him as “insane.”

The execution of mentally ill people is prohibited under Pakistani and international law. Yesterday, several UN human rights experts urged Pakistan to halt Mr Ali’s execution, while Amnesty International and the Asian Human Rights Commission have also called for the hanging to be stopped.

Commenting, Harriet McCulloch, deputy director of the death penalty team at Reprieve, said: “While it’s encouraging to hear that Pakistan’s government may finally be turning away from its recent shameful spree of executions, the authorities must act now to prevent another illegal hanging. Imdad Ali could be executed within days, despite the government’s own doctors having declared him ‘insane’ – his hanging would be a grave breach of Pakistani and international law. If Pakistan’s leaders are serious about scaling back the death penalty, they must start right away, and call off Imdad’s execution.”

Source: Reprieve, septemebr 28, 2016. Reprieve is an international human rights organization. Reprieve’s London office can be contacted on: communications@reprieve.org.uk. Reprieve US, based in New York City, can be contacted on Katherine.oshea@reprieve.org 

More detail on the comments made at yesterday's UNHRC event is available on request.

A statement by four UN rights experts, made yesterday, can be seen here; Amnesty International's comments can be seen here; while the Asian Human Rights Commission's comments are here.

4. Reuters' 2015 piece on executions in Pakistan can be seen here.

5. More information about Imdad Ali is available at the Reprieve website.

Emergency Action: Prisoner under new threat of execution

Imdad Ali suffers from such severe paranoid schizophrenia that he isn’t even aware that he could be executed as early as next week.

Imdad did not receive a proper medical assessment at his trial and was sentenced to death without his mental illness being properly considered. Despite now conceding that he is mentally ill, the Pakistan Supreme Court yesterday refused to stop his execution.

Last week, we helped to launch legal action in Pakistan and built an international campaign signed by over 10,000 Reprieve supporters. His execution was halted with only hours to spare – but now that the Pakistan Supreme Court has rejected his appeal, he could receive a new death warrant at any time.

Imdad's legal options have now been exhausted and his only chance is clemency from President Hussain of Pakistan. Will you call on President Hussain to grant mercy to Imdad and prevent his inhumane execution?

Time is against us, and we have to act quickly. On Friday, we will present our petition to the Pakistan High Commission in London to show the authorities how many people around the world oppose what they're planning. Please add your name to our call for mercy, and help us prevent the execution of a vulnerable, severely mentally ill man.

Source: Clive Stafford Smith, Founder, Reprieve

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