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America Is Stuck With the Death Penalty for (At Least) a Generation

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With Justice Anthony Kennedy's retirement, the national fight to abolish capital punishment will have to go local.
When the Supreme Court revived capital punishment in 1976, just four years after de facto abolishing it, the justices effectively took ownership of the American death penalty and all its outcomes. They have spent the decades since then setting its legal and constitutional parameters, supervising its general implementation, sanctioning its use in specific cases, and brushing aside concerns about its many flaws.
That unusual role in the American legal system is about to change. With Justice Anthony Kennedy’s retirement from the court this summer, the Supreme Court will lose a heterodox jurist whose willingness to cross ideological divides made him the deciding factor in many legal battles. In cases involving the Eighth Amendment’s prohibition against cruel and unusual punishment, his judgment often meant the difference between life and death for hundreds of death-row pr…

India: Allahabad HC Commutes Death Penalty In Rape-Cum-Murder Case

Gallows, India
The State has failed to show that the appellant is a continuing threat to the society or he is beyond reform or rehabilitation, the Bench observed. The Allahabad High Court has commuted the death sentence awarded by a trial court for a man accused of raping and murdering a 4-year-old girl, to life imprisonment.

Upholding the conviction recorded by the trial court, the Bench comprising Justice Ramesh Sinha and Justice Vinod Kumar Srivastava said: "The prosecution has proved its case beyond reasonable doubt by chain of circumstances which led to only conclusion that the accused-appellant committed rape on the victim and, thereafter, she was strangulated to death by him, hence the conviction of the appellant by the trial court is perfectly justified and correct which is hereby upheld."

However, the Bench also observed that the death penalty imposed on the convict needs to be reduced to imprisonment for life, citing following the reasons: "The State has failed to show that the appellant is a continuing threat to the society or he is beyond reform or rehabilitation. Secondly, accused appellant Ranjeet was aged about 20 years, when his statement was recorded by the trial court under Section 313 CrPC on 1.6.2013. Thirdly, there is no material shown by the State or the complainant to that there was a probability that the appellant would again commit criminal acts of violence as would constitute a continuing threat to the society."

The court further observed: "In the instant case, a minor girl aged about 4 years was murdered after committing rape on her by the appellant, which is undoubtedly a grave and heinous offence for which the duty of the court is to impose adequate punishment depending upon the degree of criminality and desirability to impose such punishment, as a measure of social necessity and also as a means of deterring other potential offenders the sentence should be appropriate and befitting the crime. Having considered the principles discussed in the Bachan Singh case (Supra) as well as Rameshbhai Chandubhai Rathod (supra) and other cases of the apex court mentioned above, we are of the opinion that the present case does not fall within the category of 'rarest of rare cases' where the other option of awarding a sentence of imprisonment for life is unquestionably foreclosed. The death sentence taking into all aggravating and mitigating circumstances, the appellant's death sentence is commuted to life imprisonment to extend to the full term of life of the appellant would be sufficient and meet the ends of justice. We, therefore, reduce the sentence under Section 302 I.P.C. of death of the appellant to life imprisonment which extend to the full term of life of the appellant. The sentence imposed by the trial court on the appellant on all other counts would remain unaltered."

Source: livelaw.in, September 13, 2016

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