FEATURED POST

Why Texas’ ‘death penalty capital of the world’ stopped executing people

Image
Since the Supreme Court legalized capital punishment in 1976, Harris County, Texas, has executed 126 people. That's more executions than every individual state in the union, barring Texas itself.
Harris County's executions account for 23 percent of the 545 people Texas has executed. On the national level, the state alone is responsible for more than a third of the 1,465 people put to death in the United States since 1976.
In 2017, however, the county known as the "death penalty capital of the world" and the "buckle of the American death belt" executed and sentenced to death a remarkable number of people: zero.
This is the first time since 1985 that Harris County did not execute any of its death row inmates, and the third year in a row it did not sentence anyone to capital punishment either.
The remarkable statistic reflects a shift the nation is seeing as a whole.
“The practices that the Harris County District Attorney’s Office is following are also signifi…

Missouri: Attorneys for death-row inmate suggest method for lethal gas execution

Ernest Lee Johnson
Ernest Lee Johnson
Attorneys for a man sentenced to death for a 1994 triple murder filed a new complaint in federal court on Monday, arguing again that a medical condition will cause pain and suffering if he is executed but offering a more detailed alternative.

Because of a brain defect caused by the removal of part of a tumor in 2008, if Ernest L. Johnson is executed using Missouri’s lethal injection protocol, “there is a substantial and unjustifiable risk that the execution will result in violent and uncontrollable seizures that will cause severe pain and serious harm,” violating the Eighth Amendment prohibition on cruel and unusual punishment, his attorneys wrote in the complaint.

Whereas Johnson’s lawyers, W. Brian Gaddy and Jeremy Weis, had previously written that Missouri law allows the use of lethal gas, they have now given a specific second option. Precedent requires inmates challenging an execution method to propose an alternative, but Missouri has not had an operable gas chamber since the mid-1960s.

Gaddy said because the U.S. Supreme Court case that set the precedent, Glossip v. Gross, was decided in 2015, there is some gray area on how challenges to protocols will be litigated.

“The issues involving alleging and improving an alternative method of execution are new issues that haven’t been fully developed in the court system,” he said.

He said he looks forward to arguing the case in U.S. District Court and to seeing whether the state will agree with using gas to kill Johnson.

“That would be new territory, and we would cross that bridge when we get to it,” Gaddy said.

Missouri law does not define what type of lethal gas is to be used in executions, the complaint said, and allows the director of the Department of Corrections to determine which can be used. Recent legislation passed in Oklahoma allows “the use of nitrogen gas which can induce” a shortage of oxygen “as a method of execution,” Johnson’s lawyer wrote. They also filed a copy of a study lawmakers in Oklahoma commissioned that shows, according to the complaint, that nitrogen gas is a safe, cheap and readily available alternative to injection.

The necessary implements for nitrogen-induced hypoxia are available in the open market, and the gas can be given to Johnson via a mask, hood or other enclosed device, the complaint said, making it unnecessary to build a new, operable gas chamber.

“An execution by lethal gas would significantly reduce the substantial and unjustifiable risk of severe pain that currently exists with Missouri’s current lethal injection method, as applied to Mr. Johnson,” the complaint said.

Johnson was sentenced to die for the February 1994 murders of Mary Bratcher, Mable Scruggs and Fred Jones in a drug-fueled robbery at a northeast Columbia convenience store. Courts twice overturned his sentence, but a third challenge was unsuccessful. His execution was postponed again in November when the U.S. Supreme Court sent his case back to the Eighth U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals, which subsequently sent it back to U.S. District Court, where Monday’s complaint was filed.

Nanci Gonder, spokeswoman for the Missouri Attorney General’s Office, said an answer to the complaint will be filed by Aug. 22, the deadline for her office to do so. She did not comment further.

Johnson’s attorneys for the second time submitted the affidavit and opinion of Joel Zivot, an Emory University physician, who examined Johnson in summer 2015.

If Johnson does experience seizures and pain in the execution, done via an injection of pentobarbital, the state’s execution protocol does not offer any guidance on what the execution team is supposed to do or how it would treat Johnson if the execution fails to kill him, the complaint said.

“Missouri’s protocol is grossly inadequate to address the significant risks to Mr. Johnson during an execution — risks that could cause an excruciating and severely painful procedure,” the attorneys wrote.

Source: The Columbia Daily Tribune, Alan xx, August 3, 2016

⚑ | Report an error, an omission; suggest a story or a new angle to an existing story; send a submission; recommend a resource; contact the webmaster, contact us: deathpenaltynews@gmail.com.


Opposed to Capital Punishment? Help us keep this blog up and running!


"One is absolutely sickened, not by the crimes that the wicked have committed, but by the punishments that the good have inflicted." - Oscar Wilde

Most Viewed (Last 7 Days)

North Carolina death row becoming frail, aging

Trump calls for death penalty for anyone who kills a police officer

California: Riverside County leads U.S. in death penalty sentences, but hasn’t executed anyone in 39 years

Bali jailbreak: US inmate escapes notorious Kerobokan prison

Georgia executes Emmanuel Hammond

Why Texas’ ‘death penalty capital of the world’ stopped executing people

Law of Parties: Prosecutor who put Jeff Wood on Texas’ death row asks for clemency

Iran: Two Prisoners Hanged In Public

Execution date set for convicted killer in Alabama who is terminally ill

Iraq hangs 38 members of Daesh, al-Qaeda