|Darkness at noon: Public execution in Saudi Arabia (file photo)|
Saudi Arabia has executed its 99th person this year, continuing the trend to more death penalties yearly in the Kingdom.
The conservative country, which publicly beheads citizens and foreigners for a variety of crimes, has reportedly executed more people than this time last year by reaching almost 100 this month.
Accused murderer Hassan bin Mubarak al-Amri was the 99th person to be executed in the state-sanctioned punishment, which is usually performed with a sword.
Sara Hashah, Amnesty International's Middle East and North Africa spokesperson, said Saudi Arabia, Pakistan and Iran were responsible for 90 per cent of all recorded executions globally and were "out of step" with the rest of the world.
"In Saudi Arabia, where people are routinely sentenced to death after grossly unfair trials, we have seen a dramatic surge in the number of executions in the past two years which has shown no sign of abating in 2016," she told The Independent.
"This clearly demonstrates that Saudi Arabia’s authorities are increasingly out of step with a global trend of states moving away from the death penalty.
"Saudi Arabia’s authorities must end their reliance on this cruel, inhuman and degrading form of punishment immediately.”
The number of death sentences in the Kingdom was swelled by the 47 people executed on January 2 on charges of Al Qaeda-related terrorist activity. The execution of a Shia cleric among them provoked international condemnation and the cutting-off of diplomatic ties between Riyadh and Tehran.
Last year was already a record-high for executions in Saudi Arabia, with 158 people sentenced to death in total compared to 90 in 2014.
It is also one of the few countries in the world to carry out public rather than private executions. The others are Iran, Afghanistan, Yemen, Syria, North Korea and Somalia. All Middle Eastern and North African countries use the state-sanctioned death penalty except for Oman and Israel.
Punishment by decapitation or other means is considered in some Arab countries to be an accurate interpretation of shari'ah law, which includes the Islamic law concept of qisas, or eye-for-an-eye retribution for murder. But critics point out that nonviolent drug offences make up a significant part of those sentenced to death in Saudi Arabia.
Nor has the punishment always been deployed, with Pakistan, Egypt and Jordan using it more frequently now than in previous years.
After an eight-year halt in executions, Jordan resumed its use of the death penalty in December 2014 when authorities executed 11 men on murder charges, with a further execution taking place in February 2015.
A terrorist attack on school children in Peshawar in northwestern Pakistan, meanwhile, also prompted a resurgence of the death penalty in the country. Mass executions and death sentences in Egypt have even targeted pro-democracy protesters.
Iran remains the most prolific executor of its people, outstripping China's larger record in terms of numbers by proportion of the Iranian population executed.
But four countries banned the use of the death sentence completely in 2015: Fiji, Madagascar, Republic of Congo and Suriname, with Mongolia expected to follow suit in September 2016.
Ms Hashash said Saudia Arabia belonged to "an increasingly isolated minority, as for the first time ever in 2015 a majority of the world's countries fully abolished the death penalty."
Crimes punishable by beheading, stoning or firing squad in Saudi Arabia include: blasphemy, drug offences, adultery, murder, armed robbery, rape, homosexuality and false prophecy.
Several states in the US also sanction the death penalty. Last year, 28 death row prisoners were executed, all by lethal injection.
Source: The Independent, Jess Staufenberg, July 21, 2016
- Execution caught on video in Saudi Arabia, Emirates 24/7, June 3, 2012
- Saudis behead, crucify Sudanese man for robbery, rape and murder, Apr 21, 2012
- Saudi Arabia executes Burmese woman; secret filming reveals medieval, barbaric punishment, January 12, 2015
Raif still behind bars: Suspend Saudi Arabia from the Human Rights Council
|Badawi with his children Najwa, Miriam and Terad (Amnesty International)|
Meanwhile, the Saudi Arabia government sits on the world's top human rights body - the UN Human Rights Council.
This hypocrisy cannot stand.
Saudi Arabia's government does not respect human rights, and it should be suspended from the Human Rights Council. Donate and support our work pressuring UN member states to take action.
Saudi Arabia has used its position on the UN Human Rights Council to shield itself from human rights investigations.
Since joining the Council in 2013, Saudi Arabia's dire human rights record at home has plummeted, and the government has also led a devastating campaign of unlawful airstrikes against civilians in the next-door country of Yemen.
The list of violations is long:
- More than 350 people - including children - have been executed In Saudi Arabia since it was elected to the Council.
- Saudi Arabia used its membership on the council to derail a resolution that would have investigated war crimes by the Saudi-led military coalition that bombed Yemen.
- Human rights activists in Saudi Arabia have been harshly sentenced for peacefully expressing their opinions. Since 2014, Saudi's Specialized Criminal Court has sentenced activists - including Raif Badawi and his lawyer Waleed Abu al-Khair - to lengthy prison terms - in some cases even to death - after grossly unfair trials.
The international community - including the United States and the U.K - has been deafeningly silent. President Obama even sold Saudi Arabia a billion dollars in additional bombs.
Source: Amnesty International, July 21, 2016
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"One is absolutely sickened, not by the crimes that the wicked have committed, but by the punishments that the good have inflicted." - Oscar Wilde