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No Second Chances: What to Do After a Botched Execution

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Ohio tried and failed to execute Alva Campbell. The state shouldn't get a second chance.
The pathos and problems of America's death penalty were vividly on display yesterday when Ohio tried and failed to execute Alva Campbell. Immediately after its failure Gov. John Kasich set June 5, 2019, as a new execution date.
This plan for a second execution reveals a glaring inadequacy in the legal standards governing botched executions in the United States.
Campbell was tried and sentenced to die for murdering 18-year-old Charles Dials during a carjacking in 1997. After Campbell exhausted his legal appeals, he was denied clemency by the state parole board and the governor.
By the time the state got around to executing Campbell, he was far from the dangerous criminal of 20 years ago. As is the case with many of America's death-row inmates, the passage of time had inflicted its own punishments.
The inmate Ohio strapped onto the gurney was a 69-year-old man afflicted with serious ailm…

Duterte eyeing 50 executions every month - lawmaker

Incoming president Rodrigo Duterte wants 50 convicts executed every month by hanging once Congress re-imposes the death penalty, representative-elect Danilo Suarez of Quezon said yesterday.

"He feels that if at least 50 drug lords and other convicts are hanged every month, their execution will deter crime," he told the Usaping Balita forum at the Serye Cafe in Quezon City.

He said Duterte revealed his plans during a meeting with 19 members of the House of Representatives led by Speaker Feliciano Belmonte Jr. on Tuesday.

He said the nation's next leader told them that he would like Congress to restore the death penalty within 6 months or before year end.

He said Duterte intends to certify a capital punishment re-imposition bill as urgent.

Suarez recalled that in the course of Tuesday's meeting, reelected Camarines Sur Rep. Rolando Andaya Jr., who is being groomed to chair the House appropriations committee, suggested that funds could be set aside for the rehabilitation of the death chamber at the New Bilibid Prison (NBP) in Muntinlupa, where execution through lethal injection could be carried out.

"But the president-elect declared there was no need for it as he preferred hanging as mode of execution," he said.

He said if Congress enacts a bill lowering the age of criminal responsibility to 15, youth convicted of heinous crimes such as drug trafficking would be covered by the planned re-imposition of the death penalty.

Kabataan Rep. Terry Ridon, another guest at the forum, said Duterte would not see the execution of convicted drug lords and other offenders in the early part of his administration.

"They have to go through the legal process. The offenders have to be convicted. Then there is the mandatory review of their conviction. Knowing our justice system, it will take time, maybe years," he said.

He said the death penalty, if Congress restores it, would be applied on future offenders, not on convicts serving time at Bilibid.

Suarez agreed with Ridon, but said if suspected drug lords choose to fight law enforcers, they would suffer death just the same.

"In our province, if there is a drug lord in a community and he is arrested, he is freed and is back to his illegal activities in a few days because he has bribed the judge and the prosecutor. This does not happen in Davao City (where Duterte is mayor)," Suarez said.

He said the incoming leader asked him, Belmonte and Ilocos Norte Rep. Rodolfo Farinas, who is being eyed as the next majority leader, to help incoming speaker Pantaleon Alvarez push for the return of capital punishment and other legislative priorities.

They said they promised to support Duterte's priority legislative measures.

Ridon, who belongs to the Makabayan bloc, said their group would oppose the re-imposition of the death penalty.

"I predict a showdown on this issue inside and outside Congress, what with the Catholic Church against the death penalty," he said.

He said there are also party-list representatives, including Lito Atienza of Buhay, who are opposed to capital punishment.

"I think it will face rough sailing," he added.

Pro-death penalty

Returning senator Panfilo Lacson yesterday said he supports the reimposition of the death penalty for heinous crimes but not by hanging as proposed by Duterte.

Lacson said he finds the penalty "too medieval."

Senate President Franklin Drilon, for his part, said he is open to a discussion on the proposal to restore the death penalty in the country.

However, he said that this is not a decision that should be rushed because it carries with it very serious implications.

'Uphold rule of law'

Acting Justice Secretary Emmanuel Caparas is hopeful that the administration of Duterte will respect and uphold the rule of law.

In a press conference yesterday, he urged critics to give Duterte a chance to perform his duties amid criticisms on his manner of speaking and perceived inhuman anti-criminality policies.

"Let's give the incoming president a chance. If after several months or years we see something wrong, then that's the time we speak. For now, let's allow him to do his job," Caparas stressed.

The outgoing Department of Justice (DOJ) chief revealed that he already met with his successor, Vitaliano Aguirre II, for the transition of administration.

"We had 2 productive sessions. He strikes me as a man who wants to get to the bottom of things immediately. As what he said in the media, he would like to prioritize cases on drugs and graft and corruption," he bared.

Caparas also dispelled fears of the DOJ dropping from its witnesses protection program (WPP) the witness on alleged anomalies in the administration of detained former president and re-elected Pampanga Rep. Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, a known ally of Duterte.

Source: PhilippineStar, June 10, 2016

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