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Why Texas’ ‘death penalty capital of the world’ stopped executing people

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Since the Supreme Court legalized capital punishment in 1976, Harris County, Texas, has executed 126 people. That's more executions than every individual state in the union, barring Texas itself.
Harris County's executions account for 23 percent of the 545 people Texas has executed. On the national level, the state alone is responsible for more than a third of the 1,465 people put to death in the United States since 1976.
In 2017, however, the county known as the "death penalty capital of the world" and the "buckle of the American death belt" executed and sentenced to death a remarkable number of people: zero.
This is the first time since 1985 that Harris County did not execute any of its death row inmates, and the third year in a row it did not sentence anyone to capital punishment either.
The remarkable statistic reflects a shift the nation is seeing as a whole.
“The practices that the Harris County District Attorney’s Office is following are also signifi…

California Voters to Choose Between Abolishing the Death Penalty or Speeding Up Executions

San Quentin's brand new death chamber
San Quentin's brand new death chamber
A measure to abolish the death penalty has made it to the November ballot to compete with a measure aiming to increase execution rates.

An initiative that would repeal the death penalty and replace it with life imprisonment without possibility of parole has qualified for the November ballot, Secretary of State Alex Padilla announced today.

The initiative would apply retroactively to persons already sentenced to death. It would also require prisoners serving life sentences without the possibility of parole for murder to work while in prison.

What backers dubbed as the "Justice That Works Act" required valid signatures from 365,880 registered voters -- 5 % of the total votes cast for governor in the 2014 general election -- to qualify for the ballot, according to Padilla.

Passage of the initiative would result in a net reduction in state and local government costs of potentially around $150 million annually within a few years, according to an analysis conducted by the Legislative Analyst's Office and Department of Finance.

"Because of all the problems with the death penalty, not a single person has been executed here in the last 10 years. Nonetheless, Californians continue to pay for it in many ways," said initiative proponent Mike Farrell, a longtime death penalty opponent best known for his portrayal of Army Capt. B. J. Hunnicutt on the classic 1972-83 CBS comedy "M.A.S.H."

"Whether you look at the death penalty from a taxpayer, a criminal justice or a civil rights perspective, what is clear is that it fails in every respect. We have to do better in California."

An initiative aimed at expediting executions is also expected to appear on the November ballot.

"Justice is not easy, and it is certainly not gentle. But justice denied is not justice," said Kermit Alexander, the former NFL player who is the proponent of the Death Penalty Reform and Savings Act. Alexander's mother, sister and two nephews were murdered in 1984.

"We the people of California have consecutively and systematically voted to reinstate and preserve the use of capital punishment despite the efforts of those who refuse to carry out an execution."

Passage of the Death Penalty Reform and Savings Act would result in increased state costs that could be in the tens of millions of dollars annually for several years related to direct appeals and habeas corpus proceedings, with the fiscal impact on such costs being unknown in the longer run.

There could also be potential state correctional savings in the tens of millions of dollars annually, according to an analysis conducted by the Legislative Analyst's Office and Department of Finance.

In the unlikely event both measures were approved by voters, the measure with more yes votes would go into effect.

A measure to repeal the death penalty on the November 2012 ballot was rejected by a 52 % - 48 % margin.

Source: patch.com, June 18, 2016

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