FEATURED POST

No Second Chances: What to Do After a Botched Execution

Image
Ohio tried and failed to execute Alva Campbell. The state shouldn't get a second chance.
The pathos and problems of America's death penalty were vividly on display yesterday when Ohio tried and failed to execute Alva Campbell. Immediately after its failure Gov. John Kasich set June 5, 2019, as a new execution date.
This plan for a second execution reveals a glaring inadequacy in the legal standards governing botched executions in the United States.
Campbell was tried and sentenced to die for murdering 18-year-old Charles Dials during a carjacking in 1997. After Campbell exhausted his legal appeals, he was denied clemency by the state parole board and the governor.
By the time the state got around to executing Campbell, he was far from the dangerous criminal of 20 years ago. As is the case with many of America's death-row inmates, the passage of time had inflicted its own punishments.
The inmate Ohio strapped onto the gurney was a 69-year-old man afflicted with serious ailm…

Rodrigo Duterte should break cycle of human rights violations, not compound them: AI

Rodrigo Duterte
Rodrigo Duterte
If President-elect Rodrigo Duterte is serious about introducing change in the Philippines, he must turn his back on the history of human rights violations and end the prevailing culture of impunity, Amnesty International said today.

Rodrigo Duterte, the former Mayor of Davao city, is set to become the newly-elected President of the Philippines after leading the voting in the 9 May 2016 election. Duterte's principal rivals have conceded defeat.

"If Rodrigo Duterte is serious about bringing change to the Philippines, he should address the dire human rights situation in the country and put an end to extrajudicial executions, unlawful arrests, secret detention as well as torture and other ill-treatment," said Rafendi Djamin, Amnesty International's Director for South East Asia and the Pacific.

During the course of the presidential election campaign, Duterte has issued a series of inflammatory statements that, if enacted, would contravene the Philippines' international human rights obligations, including his promise to reduce crime rates by shooting suspected criminals.

"As leader of the Philippines, the President-elect must protect and uphold human rights, not reject them. This includes the right to life, due process and fair trial," said Rafendi Djamin.

"The way to bring about true and lasting change for the Philippines is by putting in place robust, transparent and accountable mechanisms to bring about an end to longstanding human rights violations. Threatening to introduce a culture of impunity, as Rodrigo Duterte has done in recent weeks, will only exacerbate the problems that he campaigned to resolve."

Background: First 100 days

In November 2015, Amnesty International published a human rights agenda for the Philippines' next President outlining 5 areas which should be top of their human rights agenda in their first 100 days. These include:

- Putting an end to extrajudicial executions, unlawful arrests, secret detention, enforced disappearances, torture and other ill-treatment.

- Issue an executive order that clearly states the administration's commitment to prioritize putting a stop to the practice of enforced disappearances and extrajudicial executions in the country.

- Ensure immediate and effective implementation of Administrative Order 35 guidelines to address torture and other ill-treatment, extrajudicial executions and enforced disappearances.

- Create and prioritize a viable presidential commission to review all cases of extrajudicial executions and enforced disappearances, including victims of vigilante groups such as the Davao Death Squad.

- Establish control and accountability over the military, police and other state-sponsored forces, and ensure witness protection.

- Revoke Executive Order 546, which directs the Philippine National Police to support the military in its counterinsurgency work, including through the use of militias and paramilitary groups.

- Ensure that the military exercises full control over all state-sponsored militias and paramilitary groups, and that the Department of National Defense clearly define and differentiate their purposes, chain of command and accountability mechanisms, or otherwise disarm and disband them.

- Disarm and disband all private armies.

- Implement through an executive order a clear and transparent mechanism that prevents the appointment or promotion of persons who face allegations or have records of grave human rights abuses from the Commission on Human Rights to senior levels of government, law enforcement and the judiciary, as well as for the provincial, regional and national command posts for the military.

- Ensure the safe and voluntary return of the displaced, and embed human rights protection in the peace process.

- Order the relevant Departments to take stock of the current situation of long-term displaced populations in Mindanao due to conflict and disasters, and ensure the full compliance with the UN Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement.

- Make human rights a priority integrated across government bodies.

- Declare as a presidential priority bill the charter of the Commission on Human Rights in the Philippines, facilitating its approval in both legislative branches;

- Through an executive order, integrate all human rights principles into government policies and practices.

- Ratify key treaties on human rights and international humanitarian law.

- Immediately sign the Optional Protocol of the International Convention on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights to facilitate the process of ratification within the new administration's term;

- Immediately sign the International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearances as a step towards ratification; and, Immediately ratify the international Arms Trade Treaty.

Duterte was the only candidate who did not provide a response to the agenda.

Source: Amnesty International, May 10, 2016 (wr)

- Report an error, an omission: deathpenaltynews@gmail.com - Follow us on Facebook and Twitter

Most Viewed (Last 7 Days)

Ohio: Alva Campbell execution delayed indefinitely

Here's as Crazy a Death Penalty Story as You'll Find

Nevada releases detailed manual on how it plans to execute death row inmate

Ohio: Alva Campbell will get wedge-shaped pillow for execution; his death could become a “spectacle”

A Travelling Executioner

No Second Chances: What to Do After a Botched Execution

Arkansas Justice: Racism, Torture, and a Botched Execution

Nevada death row inmate placed on suicide watch

Clemency gone missing from Florida’s death row | Editorial

Texas: Execution chamber warden shares worst memories