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States to try new ways of executing prisoners. Their latest idea? Opioids.

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The synthetic painkiller fentanyl has been the driving force behind the nation’s opioid epidemic, killing tens of thousands of Americans last year in overdoses. Now two states want to use the drug’s powerful properties for a new purpose: to execute prisoners on death row.
As Nevada and Nebraska push for the country’s first fentanyl-assisted executions, doctors and death penalty opponents are fighting those plans. They have warned that such an untested use of fentanyl could lead to painful, botched executions, comparing the use of it and other new drugs proposed for lethal injection to human experimentation.
States are increasingly pressed for ways to carry out the death penalty because of problems obtaining the drugs they long have used, primarily because pharmaceutical companies are refusing to supply their drugs for executions.
The situation has led states such as Florida, Ohio and Oklahoma to turn to novel drug combinations for executions. Mississippi legalized nitrogen gas this s…

Reprieve Australia: Abolishing the death penalty "well and truly on track"

Julian McMahon, President of Reprieve Australia
Julian McMahon, defence lawyer for Sukumaran and Chan,
President of Reprieve Australia.
It has been a year since Indonesia executed Myuran Sukumaran and Andrew Chan, the leaders of the Bali Nine drug smuggling ring.

Barrister Julian McMahon (LLM 1998) worked as a defence lawyer for Sukumaran and Chan, who were executed by firing squad on Nusa Kambangan island on 29 April 2015.

McMahon, who has been recognised as 2016 Victorian Australian of the Year for his commitment to eradicating the death penalty, believes the case of Sukumaran and Chan led Australia to clarify its position on the world stage.

"As the first ten years of this century have shown, too often different leaders have wavered in that commitment to be opposed to the death penalty in difficult cases," says McMahon.

"Firstly, the case brought home the reality of an impending execution into the lounge rooms of Australia. Secondly, Myuran and Andrew were clearly rehabilitated in a good way. So the case was an easy one for anybody to support."

"Thirdly, we had both a foreign minister and a shadow foreign minister who were able to work closely and coherently together on this issue so Australia presented a very unified voice against a particular set of executions."

This confluence of factors led Australia to state coherently and firmly a clear objection to executions without qualification, something McMahon acknowledges as a vital development.

"In the last couple of years Australia has positioned itself as a country that is firmly against the death penalty internationally and no longer regards it as an issue only to be concerned about when it involves Australian citizens."

In May this year the Federal Government announced a plan to 'gag' Australian Federal Police from sharing intelligence about drug crimes that could lead to a death penalty sentence.

The bipartisan report comes after the AFP was heavily criticised for tipping off Indonesian authorities that led to the arrest of Sukumaran, Chan and other members of the Bali Nine.

It is the latest in a series of measures taken by the Federal Government in light of the executions of Sukumaran and Chan.

In May 2016, Parliament tabled a report on the steps it is taking to eradicate the death penalty worldwide.


Source: Monash University, James Pattison, May 23, 2016

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