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In the crosshairs of conscience: John Kitzhaber's death penalty reckoning

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To cope with his dread, John Kitzhaber opened his leather-bound journal and began to write.
It was a little past 9 on the morning of Nov. 22, 2011. Gary Haugen had dropped his appeals. A Marion County judge had signed the murderer's death warrant, leaving Kitzhaber, a former emergency room doctor, to decide Haugen's fate. The 49-year-old would soon die by lethal injection if the governor didn't intervene.
Kitzhaber was exhausted, having been unable to sleep the night before, but he needed to call the families of Haugen's victims.
"I know my decision will delay the closure they need and deserve," he wrote.
The son of University of Oregon English professors, Kitzhaber began writing each day in his journal in the early 1970s. The practice helped him organize his thoughts and, on that particular morning, gather his courage.
Kitzhaber first dialed the widow of David Polin, an inmate Haugen beat and stabbed to death in 2003 while already serving a life sentence fo…

Indonesia: Third round of executions to go ahead despite delays

Nusa Kambangan Island, where the last round of executions took place.
Nusakambangan Island, where the last round of executions took place.
The government has not yet finalized the date for the impending execution of death-row convicts despite the attorney general's plan to conduct a third round of executions at the beginning of 2016.

The Attorney General’s Office (AGO) would still follow through with the executions, but the exact time and location had not yet been confirmed, AGO spokesman Agung Amir Yanto said on Thursday.

"Until now, neither the place nor which convicts [will be executed] have been finalized," Amir said as quoted by Kompas.com.

Attorney General Muhammad Prasetyo said previously that a third round of executions would be conducted in January following the deaths of two groups of death-row convicts last year.

Amir said executing a person was a complicated matter.

"The death penalty is related to the loss of someone's life. It must be done carefully so as not to violate human rights," he said.

Preparations for executions must be thorough, he continued, adding that it was a complicated process especially when it involved foreign citizens.

The AGO must coordinate with the country of origin of foreign convicts, including on the legal rights of the convicts in regards to their defense.

"The issue of the death penalty involves other things, including clemency, judicial review, as well as health. And not only that, but also facilities," said Amir.

According to AGO data, there were 64 drug convicts sentenced to death as of 2015.

President Joko "Jokowi" Widodo's administration executed two groups of death row convicts, comprising 14 people, on Jan. 18 and April 29 last year.

Two of the convicts were Australian drug smugglers Andrew Chan and Myuran Sukumaran, whose executions in April caused tension between the two countries, leading to Australia recalling its ambassador from Indonesia.

The government continues to enforce the death sentence on big players in drug trafficking cases despite mounting criticism from other countries and human rights activists, arguing that the death penalty would not have a deterrent effect on drug traffickers and that consistency in law enforcement was the key to curbing the distribution of drugs.

Source: Jakarta Post, April 16, 2016

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