Editorial: In a civilized society, not even the most vicious crimes justify a death sentence

It is soul-bruising to contemplate the torture that 10-year-old Anthony Avalos endured in his Lancaster home for more than a week before dying last year. Whippings with a looped cord and belt. Repeatedly held upside down then dropped on his head. Getting slammed into pieces of furniture and against the floor. Hot sauce poured on his face and mouth.
The road map of the abuse stretched from head to toe on his small malnourished body — bruises, abrasions, scabs and cuts visible on the outside. Traumatic brain injury and soft tissue damage on the inside. All allegedly perpetrated by his mother, Heather Barron, and her boyfriend, Kareem Leiva.
RELATED | California: Prosecutors seeking death penalty in Anthony Avalos torture case
If ever a set of circumstances called for the death penalty, this would be it. Few were surprised when Los Angeles County prosecutors said Wednesday that if the couple is convicted of the torture-murder, the jury will be asked to recommend a death sentence.
Such ca…

MEPs demand answers over EU funding for executions, as Iran drug hangings hit 500

European Parliament, Strasbourg, France
European Parliament, Strasbourg, France
The European Parliament has today called on the EU to ensure that it is not using taxpayers’ money to fund the execution of alleged drug offenders overseas.

In a resolution passed today by 569 to 38, MEPs called on both the European Commission and member states “to reaffirm the categorical principle that European aid and assistance, including to UNODC counter-narcotics programmes, cannot facilitate law enforcement operations which lead to death sentences and executions of those arrested”.

The EU is the world’s second largest donor to the UN Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), which oversees anti-drug operations in countries which apply the death penalty for drug offences, such as Iran and Pakistan.

The resolution comes as new figures from NGO Iran Human Rights (IHR), also published today, indicate that Iran has hanged more that 500 people for drug-related charges in 2015 so far – already exceeding last year’s total of 367. The 500 make up the majority of the 800 people that IHR believes Iran has executed this year in total. Meanwhile, Pakistan has leapfrogged Saudi Arabia to become the world’s third most prolific executioner, hanging at least 240 people in the last 10 months. 

The EP resolution also demanded increased transparency, requesting the European Commission publish “an annual account of its funding for counter-narcotics programmes… outlining what human rights safeguards have been applied to ensure it does not enable death sentences”.

The EU has contributed over €72m to UNODC projects focused on ‘organised crime and drug trafficking’. This money has paid for equipment and training for the narcotics forces in Iran and Pakistan, both of which ascribe the death penalty for non-violent drug offences in violation of international law.

Besides donating to UNODC projects, the EU also funds counter-narcotics operations in Iran and Pakistan through its own €15.5m initiative aimed at tackling heroin trafficking.

UN human rights experts yesterday condemned executions for drug crimes, arguing “they amount to a violation of international law and are unlawful killings”. The UN Special Rapporteurs on summary executions and torture said: “International agencies, as well as States providing bilateral technical assistance to combat drug crime, must ensure that the programmes to which they contribute do not ultimately result in violations of the right to life.”

Commenting, Maya Foa, Director of the death penalty team at international human rights charity Reprieve, said:
“Today’s vote is a stinging rebuke of ‘EU execution aid’ by MEPs from across the political spectrum. As the UNODC seeks to negotiate secretive funding deals for drug police in Iran and Pakistan, MEPs have made clear that European taxpayers’ money should never enable executions. The European Commission must now lay out its plans to end European aid for executions once and for all – and do so in a transparent and open manner.”

Commenting, Jean Lambert MEP, said:
“For far too long the European Union and Member States have given their backing to aggressive anti-drug operations which send non-violent offenders to death row. This support undermines Europe’s position on capital punishment and is helping to fuel a global resurgence in the use of the death penalty for drug offences. Instead of enabling executions in this way the EU should be using its influence constructively, and making all such support strictly conditional on recipient states abolishing the death penalty for drug crimes. Our resolution has been passed today with a resounding majority reflecting all shades of political opinion, and European decision makers must sit up and take note.”

Commenting, Richard Howitt MEP said:
“It is a disgrace that European taxpayers’ money is being used to fuel executions overseas. It’s perfectly possible to assist foreign law enforcement bodies while applying common sense conditions which ensure our aid does not lead to executions. The EU has must look into the consequences of its lethal counter-narcotics assistance, and that’s why I'm pleased that today a resounding majority of MEPs have called for transparent annual reports on this spending.”

  • The text of the resolution which was voted on today, and passed with 569 MEPs for, 38 against and 54 abstaining, can be read here; the final adopted text will be available here.
  • The most up-to-date figures on the number of executions in Iran this year, including those for drug offences, have been released by Iran Human Rights today and can be viewed here.

Source: Reprieve, October 8, 2015

EU welcomes Fiji's abolishment of death penalty

Fiji has been praised for being the 99th country in the world to have joined the ranks to abolish the death penalty of all crimes. The European Union has welcomed Fiji's decision to abolish the death penalty through the R F M F Amendment Act of 2015.

EU Ambassador to the Pacific, Andrew Jacobs, says this is a big step forward for the nation as we prepare to commemorate World Day against the Death Penalty on Saturday. He adds that it's important to continue to push for the abolishment of death penalty worldwide - as it represents an inhumane, degrading treatment.

"There's no proven deterrent factor in having the death penalty and having a death penalty allows judicial errors which can no longer be corrected after a death penalty has been carried out."

Jacobs says Fiji's repeal of the death penalty will hopefully trigger similar positive moves in the region. The EU is calling on the remaining island countries -Tonga, Nauru and Papua New Guinea to abolish the death penalty as well.

Earlier this month, Foreign Affairs Minister Ratu Inoke Kubuabola told the U N that Fiji's ban of on death penalty stemmed from the growing international trend to remove capital punishment. Kububola adds that this is consistent with Fiji's new Constitution which guarantees every person the right to life.

Source: Fiji Broadcasting Corporation, October 8, 2015

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