|Dawood Hussein al-Marhoon|
Two Saudi Arabian Shi’a activists, arrested when they were under 18 years old, risk being executed as soon as the King ratifies their death sentences. They were moved to solitary confinement on 5 October and have been held incommunicado since then.
Shi’a activists Abdullah Hasan al-Zaher and Dawood Hussein al-Marhoon were moved to solitary confinement in al-Ha’ir prison on 5 October, where they have since been held incommunicado. They were sentenced to death on 22 October 2014 by the Specialized Criminal Court (SCC) in the capital, Riyadh, which had convicted them of offences that included “participating in the marches and gatherings of the Awamiyya riots”, “chanting slogans against the State with the intent of destabilizing the security of the country and overturning its system of government”, “participating in killing of police officers by making and using Molotov cocktails to attack them” and “carrying out an armed robbery”.
Throughout their pre-trial detention, both activists were denied access to their lawyer, who was only allowed to meet them at the second court hearing. Both the appeal court and the Supreme Court upheld their sentences earlier this year, without telling them.
Abdullah al-Zaher and Dawood al-Marhoon were arrested on 3 March and 22 May 2012, when they were 16 and 17 years old respectively. Both were taken to the juvenile rehabilitation centre (Dar al-Mulahaza) in Dammam, in the Eastern Province, where they were held until they reached the age of 18. They were then moved to the General Directorate of Investigations (GDI) prison in Damman. They were interrogated without access to a lawyer and state that they were tortured by GDI officers to force them to “confess”.
Saudi Arabia is one of the most prolific executioners in the world, putting more than 2,200 people to death between 1985 and 2015. So far this year it has executed at least 136 people, almost half of them for offences that do not meet the threshold of “most serious crimes” for which the death penalty can be imposed under international law.
Names: Dawood al-Marhoon, Abdullah al-Zaher
Gender m/f: m
UA: 229/15 Index: MDE 23/2671/2015 Issue Date: 15 October 2015
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- Urging the authorities to quash the conviction and death sentence of Abdullah Hasan al-Zaher and Dawood Hussein al-Marhoon, and ensure that they are retried in line with international law and standards and without recourse to the death penalty;
- Calling on them to order an independent investigation into the men’s allegations of torture and other ill-treatment;
- Reminding them that Saudi Arabia is a state party to the Convention on the Rights of the Child, which strictly prohibits the use of the death penalty for crimes committed by anyone below the age of 18;
- Urging them to establish immediately an official moratorium on all executions with a view to abolishing the death penalty in Saudi Arabia.
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King and Prime Minister
His Majesty Salman bin Abdul Aziz Al Saud
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Office of His Majesty the King
Royal Court, Riyadh
Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
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+966 11 403 3125 (please keep trying)
Salutation: Your Majesty
Minister of Interior
His Royal Highness Prince Mohammed bin Naif bin Abdul Aziz Al Saud
Minister of Interior
Ministry of the Interior, P.O. Box 2933, Airport Road, Riyadh 11134 Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
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Salutation: Your Excellency
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Bandar Mohammed ‘Abdullah al-Aiban
Human Rights Commission
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King Fahd Road
Building No. 3, Riyadh
Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
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